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Chapter 12

Reconstruction and Its Effects

Andrew Johnson Democrat who succeeded Abraham Lincoln as 17th President, Unionist, abolitionist.
Reconstruction The period during which the United States began to rebuild after the Civil War, lasting from 1865 to 1877. The term also refers to the process the federal government used to readmit the Confederate states.
Radical Republicans Members of the Republican party who favored a much tougher stance with the former Confederate states. They believed that Johnson's approach did not do enough because it failed to offer African-American full citizenship rights.
Thaddeus Stevens Fiery Radical Republican congressman that led Congress to impeach the president of the United States.
Wade-Davis Bill Proposed that Congress, not the president, be responsible for Reconstruction. Also declared that for state government to be formed a majority, not just 10%, of those eligible to vote in 1860 would have to take a solemn oath to support the Constitution.
Freedmen's Bureau Created by Congress, as the first federal relief agency in US history, it served to provide clothing, medical attention, meals, education, and even some land to freed blacks and some poorer whites.
Black Codes Laws meant to keep African-Americans subordinate to whites by restricting the rights of freed slaves.
14th Amendment Guaranteed that no person (regardless of race) would be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.
Impeach Charge with wrongdoing in order to remove from office.
15th Amendment Was the last Major piece of Reconstruction legislation. No citizen can be denied the right to vote based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Created by: tbostwick