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History Exam

What major advantage did the conquistadors have over Native Americans? superior weapons
The early settlers of Jamestown survived with the help of the Powhatan Confederacy
Which Enlightenment writer suggested executive, legislative, and judicial powers into three different branches of government? Baron Montesquieu
Which colony offered a new chance to the poor who had been imprisoned in England? Georgia
Who did the delegates of Constitutional Convention choose as their presiding officer? George Washington
The special militia unit in Concord, Massachusetts, was known as the minutemen
puts down rebellions executive
makes laws legislative
once appointed, federal members serve for life judicial
renders judgement in cases involving federal officials judicial
implements and enforces laws executive
headed by a president executive
interprets federal laws judicial
has veto power executive
may override votess legislative
The American Temperance Union focused on pushing for laws to prohibit the sale of liquor
What was Jefferson Davis's strategy for winning the Civil War? a war of attrition to force the North to exhaust its resources
Which of the following states was the first to secede from the Union? South Carolina
What did Winfield Scott propose in the Anaconda Plan? a blockade of Confederate ports
Lincoln's Plan for Reconstruction called for reconciling with the South rather than punishing it
Which of the following was an advantage the South enjoyed over the North from the beginning of the war? more military colleges
Before the Sand Creek Massacre, the Cheyenne had come to Fort Lyon to negotiate
War chief who lured an army detachment into an ambush Crazy Horse
chief who led a Dakota Sioux uprising in Minnesota Little Crow
historian who studied the frontier Frederick Jackson Turner
occurred when farmers blocked cattle trails range wars
supply point for mining areas in the Rocky Mountains Denver
destination for those using the Chisholm Trail Abilene
writer who sparked discussion of better treatment for Native Americans Helen Hunt Jackson
diverted the current of a river for faster mining sluice
During the early days of industrialization, many members of Congress believed that tariffs were necessary to protect new industries from foreign competition
The Great Northern became the most successful transcontinental railroad in part because of its founder's good decisions and honest business practices
Employers generally viewed unions as conspiracies that interfered with property rights
Some labor supporters were anarchists, who believed that society did not need any government
The Knights of Labor suffered a steady decline in membership and influence due to lost strikes and the Haymarket Riot
The American Federation of Labor pushed for closed shops, meaning that companies could only hire union workers
set up research laboratory at Menlo Park, New Jersey Thomas Alva Edison
known for manipulating stock prices Jay Gould
inventor of the telephone Alexander Graham Bell
saw capitalism as a struggle between workers and owners Karl Marx
began the first direct rail service between New York City and Chicago Cornelius Vanderbilt
operated Standard Oil John D. Rockefeller
drilled the first oil well Edwin Drake
founder of a steel company in Pittsburgh Andrew Carnegie
head of the American Railway Union Eugene V. Debs
head of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
By the 1890s, more than half of all immigrants in the United States were eastern and southern Europeans
Many labor unions opposed immigration, arguing that most immigrants would work for low wages
In the lates 1800s, the most common form of mass transit was the horsecar
William M. Tweed was the party boss of a political machine
was the philosophy that Americans with a great deal of money should use it for social progress Gospel of Wealth
The world's first skyscraper, built in 1885, was 10 stories tall
Nativists wanted to limit or cut off immigration
Subway systems were first developed to relieve congestion on city streets
Passed in several western states, Granger laws limited the rates that railroads could charge
Political machines provided new city dwellers with necessities such as jobs, housing, and police protection in exchange for votes
What philosophy stated that people failed in life because of circumstances beyond their control? Naturalism
In the early 1860s, Chinese immigrants came to the United States to work on the transcontinental railroad
Tammany Hall was a political machine
Under the Pendleton Act, people would gain government jobs according to their performance on competitive written examination
New technology helped farmers produce more crops, which caused prices to fall
developed the theory of evolution and natural selection Charles Darwin
argued that society progressed because only the fittest people survived Herbert Spencer
wrote "rags-to-riches" novels Horatio Alger
believed that those who profited from society owed it something in return Andrew Carnegie
expressed ideas that became known as the Atlanta Compromise Booker T. Washington
assassinated a few months into his presidency James A. Garfield
a Stalwart who became president in 1881 Chester A. Arthur
established the doctrine of "separate but equal" Plessy v. Ferguson
wrote that "'color discrimination is barbarism" W.E.B. DuBois
the "King of Ragtime" Scott Joplin
launched a crusade against lynching Ida B. Wells
argued that government could solve society's problems more efficiently than competition in the marketplace Lester Frank Ward
revivalist who believed the way to help the poor was by redeeming their souls Dwight L. Moody
founder of the Tuskegee Institute Booker T. Washington
opened Hull House in Chicago Jane Adams
organized a mass migration of African Americans to Kansas Benjamin "Pap" Singleton
supported public libraries, believing that access to knowledge was the key to getting ahead in life Andrew Carnegie
operated Henry Street Settlement in New York City Lillian Wald
Populist and Democratic presidential nominee in 1896 William Jennings Bryan
published a book describing a perfect society in the year 2000 Edward Bellamy
African Americans should postpone the fight for civil rights and prepare themselves educationally and vocationally for full equality Atlanta Compromise
author who wrote novels in local dialect with a lively sense of humor Mark Twain
perhaps the best known American realist painter Thomas Eakins
term for a system of laws that enforced discrimination Jim Crow
hangings without proper court proceedings lynchings
Created by: 100003240776713