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WWI terms

Great War War in Europe from 1914-1918 known as WWI
Allied Powers Russian Empire, France and Britain (later joined by U.S., Japan, and Italy
Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, (later joined by Turkey, Bulgaria)
Marne River River in Northeast France
U-Boat Submarine used by Germans in warfare
Lusitania British luxury liner torpedoed by a German U-Boat, killing about 2,000 people, 128 of them American
Zimmerman Telegram Communicated from Germany to Mexico asking them to join the war on their side and promising them they would help Mexico re-seize Texas, New Mexico and Arizona
Conscription A compulsory military draft
John J Pershing U.S. General who headed the American Expeditionary Force
Trench Warfare Common method of fighting in WWI, using trenches for cover
Bolsheviks started communist revolution in Russia (post-WWI)
Doughboys U.S. men in uniform
Treaty of Versailles Treaty that ended WWI: - Germany barred from participating, Germany had to pay huge expenses - 27 countries involved - "Big Four" = U.S., Britain, France, Italy
Treaty of Brest-Litobsk Russian government surrendered sovereignty over central European territories
Battle of Verdun Part of Meuse-Argonne campaign: 26,000 American lives lost
Battle of Marne Sept. 5, 1914 - Sept. 12, 1914: 25,000 French casualties
Mustard Gas Poison gas used by German Army in WWI
Marshal Ferdinand Foch Owner of railway car where German and Allied reps. signed armistice on Nov. 11, 1918 to end the Great War
Armistice A temporary cession of military hostilities
Eddie Rickenbacker U.S. Pilot in France, fought in 134 air battles, national hero, former pro race car driver, helped popularize public airplane transportation
Stanford Binet - Intelligence Test developed in WWI at Stanford University - Army needed a way to sort soldiers by intelligence - Benit developed an IQ test to categorize people
Franz Ferdinand Archduke of Austria, was assassinated in Sarajevo. His murder was the final straw to spark war
16th Amendment 1913- permitted income taxes used for revenue during WWI
National War Labor Board Formed in April 1918- improved working lives of laboring men and women
Espionage Act 1917- imposed penalties for anti-war activities, banned materials from mail
Sedition Act 1918- Act that focused on disloyal speech, writing and behavior that might promote enemies
National Self-Determination Concept that nations have the right to be sovereign states with political and economical autonomy. Wilson wanted Austria-Hungary, Germany and Russia to commit to this.
14 Points President Wilson's plan for the basis of peace negotiations: - open diplomacy - absolute freedom of navigation in the seas - arms reduction - removal of trade barriers - international commitment for national self-determination
League of Nations International regulatory body that would mediate disputes among nations. Though Wilson thought up the L of N, U.S. never joined because Congress didn't aprrove
General Strike Strike action by critical mass of labor for in a city, region or country.
Created by: llcrys