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The Civil War

Civil War Review socialstudieswithasmile.com mrdowling24

Strengths of the Union Population of 22 million Many people to grow food and work in factories Factories to make supplies for the Union army Railroads Strong navy
Strengths of the Confederacy Defending their homeland Did not want to lose their property, country, freedom Good soldiers-excellent shooters Former officers in the U.S. Army
Weaknesses of the Union Had to conquer a large area Invading unfamiliar land
Weaknesses of the Confederacy Few factories to produce weapons Few railroads to move troops/supplies Few supplies Small population (9 million) More than 1/3 of the population was enslaved Poor navy
Goal of the Confederacy in the Civil War outlast the North make it a long war by fighting a defensive war the longer the war, the more unpopular it would become in the North, leading them to ending the war
Goal of the Union at the beginning of the Civil War preserve the Union bring the Confederate states back into the Union
Why was Lincoln slow to end slavery? If he said he wanted to end slavery, it might offend the slaves states that remained in the Union. Those states might secede and join the Confederacy
Anaconda Plan the Union wanted to blockade the south, squeeze the Southern economy like a giant snake
Union's 3 part plan to win the war take over the Confederate capital (Richmond) get complete control of the Mississippi River to split the Confederacy into two parts blockade the South so they couldn't trade or get necessary supplies
Battle of Bull Run Summer 1861-Lincoln ordered an invasion of Virginia to conquer Richmond. The Confederates (led by Stonewall Jackson) won the battle. The United States began preparing for a long war. Also known as the Battle of Manassas
iron clad ships ships covered in iron to make them less likely to sink from attack Merrimack vs. Monitor The Confederacy made the first but the Union was able to make many more because they had the money and supplies
President of the Confederacy Jefferson Davis
The Emancipation Proclamation January 1, 1863 proclamation of Lincoln to free all of the slaves in the Confederate states freed few slaves because the South ignored the proclamation and did not want to listen to Lincoln any more.
Why was the Emancipation Proclamation important? It added the goal of ending slavery to the war. It kept European countries like Britain from joining the war. The war was now a war about slavery and Britain was anti-slavery and did not want to help a slave-holding country like the Confederacy
emancipate to set free
Goals of the Union after the Emancipation Proclamation 1. Restore the Union 2. End slavery
Gettysburg Address famous speech by President Lincoln honoring all of the brave soldiers that died during the Battle of Gettysburg
Turning Point of the Civil War Battle of Gettysburg
total war the Union would destroy anything that would help the Confederacy in the war destroy railroads, take crops, destroy towns
Notable Union Generals Ulysses S. Grant William Tecumseh George McClellan George Meade
Notable Confederate Generals Robert E. Lee Stonewall Jackson George Pickett
Where does Lee surrender to Grant, ending the Civil War? Appomattox Courthouse
Gettysburg in Pennsylvania, July 1863, 3 day battle Confederacy winning after day one-Union retreats to Cemetery Ridge Union wins on day two-many Confederate casualties Pickett's charge fails on day three Over 40,000 soldiers were killed or wounded
Created by: mrdowling24