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Ch. 5 SS vocabulary

Ch. 5 SS Changing Ways of Life: 5th Grade

QuestionAnswer
manual labor Work done by hand, without machines
mechanization Using machines to do work.
reaper A machine that cuts (harvests) grain.
threshing machine A machine that separates grain from stalks, also called a thresher.
urbanization The movement of people from rural (country) areas to urban (city) areas.
settlement house A center that provides help for those in need, especially the poor and immigrants. The most famous example is Hull House, founded by Jane Addams (Chicago, 1889).
political machine An organization of people who control votes in order to gain or keep political power. "Boss" Tweed's Tammany Hall in New York City is an example.
suspension bridge A bridge in which the road surface is hung from steel cables attached to towers.
tenements Buildings divided into small apartments. Tenements were often dangerous, crowded, and dirty.
tenant Someone who pays to use a building, apartment, or land; a renter.
Great Migration A period from 1915 through the 1940s when more than one million African-Americans moved from the South to the North in search of jobs, better economic opportunities, and freedom.
enfranchise To have the right to vote.
suffrage The right to vote.
Nineteenth Amendment An amendment made to the Constitution in 1919 giving women the right to vote. The amendment became law in 1920.
suffragists People who worked for a woman's right to vote.
Created by: briansegool