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Chapter 3

Federalism

TermDefinition
Federalism The decision made by the Founders to spit power between he state and the national governments
Unitary System A system in which power is concentrated in a central government
Confederation Has a weak central government and strong state governments
Reasons for Creating a Federalist Government 1. To avoid tyranny.. 2. To allow more participation in politics.. 3. To use the states as "laboratories" for new ideas and programs
The Constitution gives three types of power to the national government 1. Delegated (sometimes called enumerated or expressed) powers.. 2. Implied powers.. 3. Inherent powers
Delegated (sometimes called enumerated or expressed) powers Are specifically granted to the federal government in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution. This includes the power to coin money, to regulate commerce, to declare war, to raise and maintain armed forces, and to establish a Post Office
Implied Powers Not specifically stated in Constitution, but may be inferred from necessary clause (Article I, Section 8). Gives Congress right "to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and other power..."
Inherent Powers Not listed in the Constitution, but grow out of the very existence of the national government. The United States has the power to acquire territory by exploration and/or occupancy, primarily because most governments in general claim that right.
Reserved Powers Are set aside for the states
Extradition The legal process in which an accused criminal is returned to the state were the crime was commited
Dual Federalism Before the Great Depression and New Deal, experts often compared federalism to a layer cake. Each layer of government — national, state, and local — had responsibilities separated clearly with each level of government dominating its own sphere
New Federalism An attempt to return power to the states