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AC-Ch.18: U.S at War

Am. Cultures - Ch.18: U.S at War

TermDefinition
Selective Training and Service Act 1940 law requiring all males aged 21 to 36 to register for military service
GI Term used for American soldiers in WWII, derived from the term "Government Issue"
Office of War Mobilization Federal agency formed to coordinate issues related to war production during WWII
Liberty ship A type of large, sturdy merchant ship built in WWII
Victory garden A home vegetable garden created to boost food production during WWII
Atlantic Charter Agreement signed by President FDR and Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1941 outlining the two nations' war aims
Carpet bombing Method of aerial bombing in which large numbers of bombs are dropped over a wide area
D-Day Code name for the allied invasion of France on June 6, 1944
Battle of the Bulge WWII battle in which German forces launched a final counterattack in the west
Anti-Semitism Hostility or discrimination toward Jews
Holocaust Nazi Germany's systematic attempt to murder all European Jews
Concentration camp A place where political prisoners are confined, usually under harsh conditions
Kristallnacht The name given to the night of violence on November 9, 1938, when Nazi storm troopers looted and destroyed Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues and arrested thousands of Jews in Germany and Austria
Warsaw ghetto An area of Warsaw sealed off by the Nazis to confine the Jewish population, forcing them into poor, unsanitary conditions
Wannsee Conference 1942 conference in Germany concerning the plan to murder European Jews
Death camp In WWII, a German camp created solely for the purpose of mass murder
War Refugee Board (WRB) Federal agency created in 1944 to try to help people threatened with murder by the Nazis
Nuremberg Trials Series of trials in 1945 conducted by an International Military Tribunal in which former Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes
Bataan Death March Brutal march of American and Filipino prisoners by Japanese soldiers in 1942
Geneva Convention A set of international standards of conduct for treating prisoners of war, established in 1929
Battle of the Coral Sea 1942 WWII battle between American and Japanese aircraft
Battle of Midway 1942 WWII battle between the U.S. and Japan, a turning point in the war in the Pacific
Battle of Guadalcanal 1942-1943 WWII battle between the U.S. and Japan
Island-hopping A military strategy used during WWII that involved selectively attacking specific enemy-held islands and bypassing others
Battle of Leyte Gulf 1944 WWII naval battle between the U.S. and Japan
Kamikaze In WWII, a Japanese suicide plane
Battle of Iwo Jima 1945 WWII battle between the U.S. and Japan
Battle of Okinawa 1945 WWII battle between the U.S. and Japan
Manhattan Project Secret American program during WWII to develop an atomic bomb
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) Organization founded by pacifists in 1942 to promote racial equality through peaceful means
Bracero A term used in 1942 to describe Mexican farm laborers brought to the U.S.
Barrio A Spanish-speaking neighborhood
Interned Confined
Nisei A Japanese American whose parents were born in Japan
Created by: tmgilbert