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Chapter 5:Manifest D

Manifest Destiny, American Exceptionalism and Continentalism

termorigin/ definition
"We have in our power to begin the world over again." Thomas Paine (when we said people are free and have their rights)
Manifest Destiny Widely held belief in US that American settlers were destined to spread throughout the continent.
3 Themes touched upon by Manifest Destiny advocates: 1)The Virtue of the American people & their institution 2)The Mission to spread said institutions 3)The Destiny under God to do his work
What are the themes traced to? The themes can be traced to American Exceptionalism of ten traced to Puritan heritage
What is Continentalism? Continentalism refers to the agreements or policies that favor the regionalization and/or cooperation between nations within a continent
"from sea to shining sea" quote from National Anthem/ seen as a symbol of Manifest Destiny
What is impressment? Impressment, colloquially, "the press" or the "press gang", refers to the act of taking men into a navy by force and with or without notice
What is the connection to Barbary States and Jefferson? The area conquered by the Arabs became known as the Barbary States. The first Barbary War started during the Presidency of Thomas Jefferson. Meaning this was the first time troops were sent to foreign lands to do battle
what happened in the Battle of Tippecanoe? Harrison’s soldiers were attacked. After a two-hour battle, the natives were forced to flee and their village — the gathering spot of the confederacy — was destroyed. Some military historians regard the Battle of Tippecanoe as a draw.
What was the Hartford Convention? The Hartford Convention was a series of meetings in which New England Federalists met to discuss their grievances concerning the ongoing War of 1812 and the political problems arising from the federal government's increasing power.
What is Nationalism? Nationalism is a strong feeling of pride towards one's country.
What was Manifest Destiny, rather than a set of principles being used to define it? Manifest Destiny was always a general notion rather than a specific policy?
What was American exceptionalism as defined in the War of 1812? American Exceptionalism is the theory that the U.S. is different fro other nation states (based on liberty, equalitarianism, individualism, republicanism, democracy, and laissez-faire.
What set the stage for continental expansion? Thomas Jefferson's Louisiana Purchase in 1803 set the stage for continental expansion.
What were the four principle theatres of the War of 1812? 1)On the high seas 2)The East Coast 3)The Great Lakes 4)the New Orleans area
What were the Causes of the War of 1812? The causes were the desire to annex British Canada in order to stop the Indian raids in the Midwest, expel Britain from North America, and stop the impressments of Americans on high seas
what is a Warhawk? The War Hawks were a group of Republican Congressmen who, at the end of the first decade of the 1800s, demanded that the United States declare war against Great Britain
U.S.S Constitution USS CONSTITUTION was among the 22 commissioned warships of the United States' 18-year-old Navy
"We have met the enemy and they are ours" A message sent from the naval Battle of Lake Erie in the War of 1812, announcing a victory for the United States said by The naval commander, Oliver Hazard Perry
when was the War of 1812 officially commenced? In June of 1812, the US declared war on Britain
What tactics did the British used to fight once the war began? The British set fire to public buildings, one of which included the White House
what was the treaty that ended the war after both sides began to get weary of war? On December 24, 1814 the Treaty of Ghent was signed, ending the war.
What were the terms of the Treaty of Ghent? The terms of the treaty called for an all occupied territory to be returned & Americans to gain fishing right in the Gulf of St. Lawrence
What was the most enduring result of the War of 812? The most enduring result was the sense of national pride & the realization that the country had become fully independent from Britain.
Who were the losers of the war of 1812? Historians believe the real losers of the War were the Indians
What was the Monroe Doctrine? The Monroe Doctrine was a US foreign policy document asserting that the New World was no longer subject to colonization by European countries.
What is the relationship between the Monroe Doctrine and Manifest Destiny? They were closely related. The Doctrine did not specifically call for expansion but It was necessary in order to enforce the Doctrine
What is sectionalism? Sectionalism is loyalty to the interests of ones own religion to the country, rather than be a country as a whole
What was the Missouri Compromise? the Missouri Compromise prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana Territory except the boundaries of Missouri and admitted Maine as a free state.
What was Wilmot Proviso? The Wilmot Proviso, one of the major events leading to the American Civil War, would have banned slavery in any territory to be acquired from Mexico in the Mexican War
What was promised in the compromise of 1850? The Compromise of 1850 was a package of five separate bills passed in the United States in September 1850, which defused a four-year confrontation between the slave states of the South and the free states of the North
"Don't give up the ship." The words of Capt. James Lawrence’s last spoken command soon became a battle cry throughout the American fleet, most famously as the motto emblazoning Oliver Hazard Perry’s battle flag at the Battle of Lake Erie: “Don’t Give Up The Ship.”
"And this be our motto, in God is our trust."
Created by: jennahamilton