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US Hist 11 Ch 1 term

US History - Chapter 1 review - Terms

Iroquois League of Five Nations An alliance formed by five Iroquois tribes - Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca, and Cayauga - for mutual defense in the 1400s
feudalism a system in which all aspects of life centered on the ownership and use of land
crusades efforts of European kings and noblemen to drive the Muslims from the Holy Land and reclaim it for Christendom between AD 1000 and AD 1300
Reconquista effort of Catholics of the Iberian Peninsula to drive the Moors from the region of Granada in southern Spain
middle class merchants, traders, craftsmen, and men of other professions who were neither extremely rich nor extremely poor
Renaissance revival of learning, or "re-birth" that occurred in Europe between about 1300 and 1600
Protestant Reformation revival of Biblical Christianity which began in Europe in 1517
Line of Demarcation an imaginary line drawn by the pope in 1493 to end the rivalry between Spain and Portugal over lands in the New World
conquistadors Spanish conquerors
El Camino Real called "The King's Highway"; the oldest road in the United States, first traveled in 1581; runs between Santa Fe, New Mexico and Chihuahua, Mexico
Counter-Reformation effort of the Roman church to crush Protestantism and to bring back as many souls as possible into the Catholic fold
Invincible Armada a Spanish fleet of 130 ships and 30,000 men sent agains England in 1588; destroyed in the English Channel
Northwest Passage a supposed water route through North America to the Pacific
voyageurs French traders
Created by: SweetPeaMcD