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US Hist 11 Ch 1 peop

US History - chapter 1 review - People

TermDefinition
Leif Ericson Viking adventurer who landed in North America around AD 1000
Moors Muslims from North America
Marco Polo Italian merchant who became the first European to travel the length of Asia
Johann Gutenberg German printer who introduced the movable-type printing press in Europe around 1440
Martin Luther German monk who protested false doctrines of the Roman Catholic church in 1517
John Calvin Protestant reformer who had an important influence on the people who colonized North America
Prince Henry the Navigator Portuguese prince who founded a navigation school and encouraged exploration in the mid-1400s.
Bartholomeu Dias Portuguese explorer who reached the Cape of Good Hope at the southern tip of Africa by 1488
Vasco de Gama Portuguese explorer who sailed around Africa to India
Christopher Columbus Italian explorer who sailed across the Atlantic and accidentally discovered America in 1492
Ferdinand and Isabella Spanish monarchs who sponsored Columbus' voyage to the New World
Amerigo Vespucci Italian sailor who was the first to realize that Columbus had discovered a new continent; America is named after him.
Pedro Cabral Portuguese explorer who landed on the coast of Brazil and claimed that land for Portugal in 1500.
Ponce de Leon Spanish explorer who embarked on a search for a fabled fountain of youth in 1513; made the first Spanish landing on the mainland of North America when he discovered Florida.
Vasco de Balboa Spanish explorer who crossed the Isthmus of Panama and discovered the Pacific Ocean in 1513
Ferdinand Magellan Portuguese sailor employed by the Spanish; embarked on an epic three-year voyage around the world in 1519
Hernando Cortes Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztecs of Mexico by 1521
Montezuma powerful chieftain of the Aztecs at the time of the Spanish conquest
Francisco Pizarro Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incas of Peru by 1533
Cabeza de Vaca Spaniard who explored southern Texas and parts of New Mexico and Arizona between 1528 and 1536
Francisco Coronado Spanish explorer who explored what is today the southwestern United States in 1540; a party of his men discovered the Grand Canyon
Hernando de Soto Spaniard who explored what is today the southeastern United States in 1540; discovered the Mississippi River in 1541
Juan Cabrillo Portuguese explorer employed by the Spanish; explored the coast of California in 1542
Philip ll king of Spain who sent the "Invincible Armada" against England in 1588
Elizabeth l Protestant queen of England at the time of the defeat of the Spanish Armada
Giovanni de Verrazano Italian sailor who explored the eastern coast of North America for France in 1524
Jaques Cartier Frenchman who led an expedition that discovered the St. Lawrence River in 1534-1535
Huguenots French Protestants who established Charlesfort on the coast of South Carolina and Fort Caroline on the coast of Florida in the 1560s.
Samuel de Champlain called the "Father of New France"; established Quebec, the first permanent French settlement in the New World in 1608
Jacques Marquette French Jesuit missionary who explored the Central Mississippi River in 1673
Louis Joliet French fur trader who explored the central Mississippi River with Marquette
Robert Cavelier de la Salle French explorer who claimed the entire Mississippi alley and named it "Louisiana" in 1682
Iroquois America Indian tribe which did not ally themselves with the French
Created by: SweetPeaMcD