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Exams

QuestionAnswer
What were the three things Great Britain realized the New World would be good for? Great Britain realized that the New World could be used for its abundant natural resources, also as a market for their manufactured goods and a location to send their poor.
When was Jamestown founded? 1607
Who financed Jamestown? The Virginia Company
Who were the Algonquin Indians ruled by? Powhatan
Why did Powhatan cut off the English food supply? The English were too busy trying to find precious metals and refused to work
Who was president in Jamestown from 1608 to 1609? Captain John Smith
James Fort Problem: Didn’t go far enough upstream to get away from the salt water. Marsh Problem: Many disease carrying mosquitoes.
Starving Time 1608-09 -Colonist trapped in James Fort due to bad relations with Algonquian. -Low food supply -Dissesse rate is high -Cold Winter-Colonist trapped in James Fort due to bad relations with Algonquian. -Resort to cannibalism
Stamp Act of 1765 British taxed every piece of paper the colonists bought or used
Townshend Act of 1767 taxed imports such as glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea
Writs of Assistance Allowed tax collectors to search for smuggled goods. Blank search warrant.
Tea Act 1773 The British were trying to save the East India Company from going bankrupt. Gave the East India Company a monopoly ( when a company is the only supply certain good) on the tea market in the colonies.
Boston Tea Party Was a protest against the Tea Act. Colonists dumped 342 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor.
Boston Massacre A street fight that occurred on March 5, 1770. Colonists made a mob and surrounded some British officers. Colonists begin to throw snowballs at the British British starts firing into the crowd
Coercive Acts- Restraining Acts A series of 4 acts made by the British government. The Boston Port Act- Closed the Boston port until all damages from the Boston Tea Party was paid. Massachusett Government Act- restricted Massachusetts, democratic town meetings and turned the governor's
First Continental Congress Met in Carpenter’s hall in Philadelphia from September 5, to October 26, 1774. All colonies were represented except Georgia. They demanded that the King stop the Intolerable Acts or they would boycott English goods.
3 European countries to colonize Spain, Great Britain, and France
Great Britain reasons for colonizing Large amounts of fertile land to grow cash crops, Religious: Puritans wanted to form the Church of England, Separitans wanted to cut all ties with the church, Political: King discriminates people who refuse to join the church.
Spain reasons for colonizing Search for gold and treasures, convert the natives to christianity
France reasons for colonizing fur trapping and trading with native people
What did John Smith do when he was president of Jamestown? He required the colonists to work. He was later involved in a gunpowder accident and sent back to England
John Rolfe was the colonist to introduce the first cash crop of tobacco to Jamestown later married Pocahontas.
Plymouth Was in Massachusetts, town outside of Jamestown
Algonquin Indians Made Plymouth, ruled by Powhatan
Second Continental Congress In 1776, they made the Declaration of Independence. Created a continental army. Congress approved of the Olive Branch petition- a direct appeal to the king.
What were the three parts of the Declaration of Independence? How we should be treated, How we were treated, and the breakaway
Mayflower Compact the first governing document of Plymouth Colony, an agreement
Squanto Helped the pilgrims by teaching them how to plant crops, fish, and fertile their lands, and could speak English so he was an interpreter.
Unalienable Right A right given at birth and taken away at death- Thomas Jefferson
Natural right Life, Liberty, and Property- John Locke
Social Contract Theory The King protects the rights of life, liberty, and property if people agree to obey him.
Battle of Lexington/Concord The British wanted to seize the colonists' weapons and utilerary. Colonists found out (Dr. Joseph Warren) and hid them
When did the Battles of Lexington and Concord take place? April 19, 1775
Who won the first battle of l and c? British
What happened to the British on their march back to Boston? The colonists' minutemen attacked them.
Who won the first conflict of the American Revolution The colonial patriots
Hessians well trained army, professional soldiers from Germany
What was Washington's plan for the battle of Trenton Sneak attack during the night
What went wrong while crossing the Delaware to get to Trenton Horrible weather so Washington fell behind and didn't get the sneak attack that he wanted.
Who won the battle of Trenton? Washington and his troops
What did the battle of Trenton do to Washington? It saved his job and people though better of him because he won
Battle of Princeton took place when? January 3, 1777
Who went against each other in the Battle of Princeton? Washington and Cornwallis
What did Washington do at the Battle of Princeton? George Washington was able to mount a night attack and defeat the British troops at Princeton and get out before General Charles Cornwallis could arrive with reinforcements.
Who won the Battle of Princeton? The Americans
Battle of Saratoga- What was the British's goal? The British wanted to control Upstate New York and isolate New England from the southern colonies
What did Washington do to prevent Howe from joining forces with Burgoyne? He retreated to York
Who won the Battle of Saratoga? The Americans
Where did the Battle of Yorktown take place? And in what year? Virginia, September 28- October 19 1781
Who led the troops in the Battle of Yorktown? General Washington commanded the Americans, Lieutenant General de Rochambeau commanded the French and Major General Lord Cornwallis commanded the British.
What happened at the Battle of Yorktown? The British finally surrended
Where did the Battle of Bunker Hill take place? Breed's Hill
What were the colonists told to do during the Battle of Bunker Hill? Wait to fire until they could see whites of the British's eyes
Who won the Battle of Bunker Hill? The British
What happened during the Battle of Bunker Hill? The colonists surrounded the hill causing the British to retreat but then they reformed their line and attacked. The colonists were almost out of ammunition so the British won.
Created by: 19millerk