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Medical Terms

Bone Diseases & Conditions

amphiarthrosis joint that is slightly movable
appendicular skeleton all of the bones of the upper and lower extremities
articulation point at which two bones come together; a joint
axial skeleton bones arranged around the long axis of the body, including the skull, vertebral column, ribs, sternum, bones of the ear and hyoid
bursa sac or cavity found between bones in joints or between tendons and bones
cartilage tough, flexible material thatmakes up part of the skeleton, made up of connective tissue
diarthrosis joint that is freely movable; a hinged joint
ligament connective tissue that binds bones together at the joints
periosteum white, fibrous protective covering on the outer surface of the bone
synarthrosis an immovable joint
tendon connective tissue that attaches muscles to bones
trauma injury or wound caused by any external force or violence
extention angle between bones increase
flexion angle between bones decrease
club foot is a congenital deformity of the foot
Microcephalus a hereditary or congential condition in which the cranium is significantly smaller than normal
Fossa a valley-like depression on the surface of the bone
Subluxation incomplete dislocation of the vertebrae
Impacted Fracture broken ends of bones are jammed into each other
Cleft Palate congenital malformation in which the roof of the mouth does not close correctly
Rheumatoid Arthritis chronic systematic disease affecting the connective tissue and joints- causing acute inflammation and degeneration
Gout found mostly in the big toe, caused by faulty uric acid metabolism
Fotanel soft spot in an infant's skull
arthritis inflammation of the bones at the joints, usually with pain and changes in bone structure.
bunion abnormal lateral displacement of big toe causing inflammation and thickening of the bursae
bursitis inflamation of the bursa, which is a sac or cavity filled with synovial fluid
dislocation the displacement of bone from a joint, tearing ligaments, tendons, and capsules.
fracture a break in a bone
kyphosis increase in natural curvature of the spinal column with resulting hunchback appearance.Street Name: "Hunchback"
lordosis exaggerated inward curvature in the lumbar region of the spinal column.
osteitis inflammation or infection of the bone
osteomyeltis bone infection that involves bone marrow
osteoporosis condition in which bones become softer and more brittle, and thus more liable to fractures because fo a loss of mineral content. This condition is usally associated with aging.
rickets condition in which bones fail to calcify and growth is hampered, usually due to a deficiency of vitamin D and phosphorus in the diet.
scoliosis side to side curvature of the spinal column.
spina bifida congenital defect in which the vertebrae fail to unite at the midline.
sprain wrenching of a joint with injury to ligaments
tuberculosis (of bone) invasion of bone by tubercle bacilli, Mucobacterium tuberculosis.
Created by: StudyBuddy219
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