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civics exam vocab

civics exam

TermDefinition
Diversity differences
Demography the study of the size, growth, and distribution of human populations
Cencus a populations survey taken every ten years
Exclusion laws laws prohibiting further immigration from China or Japan
Discrimination the unfair treatment of a group of people
Naturalized gone through the process of becoming a citizen
Rule of law concept of government of laws
Common law will being of all members of society
Alien citizen of one country living in a another country
Canidate person running for office
Citizen a person with certain rights and duties under a government
Jury of Peers decides whether the accused is innocent of guilty
Reprasentatives people chosen to act for fellow citizens in government
Witnesses people with information that may determine guilt of innocence of a person on trial
Natural rights people are born with these and government cant take them away
Compact a written agreement to make and obey laws in the form of government
Tyranny the abuse of power
Charter a document giving permission to create a government
Republic a group of people chosen to make laws
Ratification approval
Direct Democracy the citizens elect representatives to make laws in this form of government
Separation of Powers the division of government among legislative, executive, and judicial branches
Impeach accuse
Concurrent Powers powers shared by the federal and state government
Anti- Federalists opponents of the Constitution
Great Comprimise plan calling for two-house legislature in which the house would have representatives based on state population and the Senate would have two representatives for each state
Checks and Balances system that gives each branch of government ways to limit the powers of the other two
Amendments changes
Bicameral having two houses
Federalists supporters of the consitution
Reserved powers powers that the Constitution neither gives to congress nor denies to the states
Three Fifths Compromise counted each slave as 3/5 of a person when calculating a states population
Federalism the division of power between the states and the federal government
Double Jeropardy people cannot be tried twice for the same crime
Due Process of Law accused persons get fair treatment by the government
Eminent Domain government can take private property for a public project
Bill or Rights the ten amendments protecting citizens' rights
Sufferage the right to vote
Segregation separation of blacks and whites in public places
Poll Tax fee for voting in an election
Affirmative action constitutional principle that people must be treated fairly
Equal Protection to counteract the effects of past discrimination
Interest Groups usually, people with similar goals
Floor Leaders chief officers from each party in congress(congress)
Congressional districts part of a state a house member represents
Lobbyists people who represent interest groups and talk to congress
Pocket veto a way in which the President can veto a bill by pocketing, or keeping, and not signing the bill for ten days, during which Congress ends in session
Cloture agreement to end debate on a bill in the senate
President Pro Tempore person who presides over the Senate in Vice President's place
Impeach when the house of representatives accuses an official of serious wrongdoing
Bill of Attainder law that convicts a person of a crime without a trial
Filibuster when a member of the Senate uses a long speech to prevent vote on a bill
Constituents the people that a member of congress represents
Created by: studygirl304