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Social Studies

MID-TERM VOCAB

TermDefinition
Conquistadors Conqueror, especially one in the 16th Century Spanish soldiers who defeated the Indian civilizations of Mexico, Central America,or Peru.
Circumnavigate To travel all the way around the world
Queen Elizabeth A Protestant who took the throne after Mary died in 1558
Merchantilism policy that held that a nation prospered by exporting more goods to foreign nations than it imported from them.
Northwest Passage A water route through or around North America
John Smith Was sent out of London to Jamestown to lead the colony.
Representative government Political system in which voters elect others to make laws.
Magna Carta The first document to place restrictions on an English ruler's power.
Royal Colony Colony under direct control of the English crown.
Proprietary Colony English colony in which the king gave land to one or more proprietors, or owners.
George Washington The leaders of the Virginia militia who was sent by the govenor of Virginia.
Militia Organized body of armed volunteers.
Alliance a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations
Boycott withdraw from commercial or social relations with (a country, organization, or person) as a punishment or protest.
Grievence a real or imagined wrong or other cause for complaint or protest, especially unfair treatment.
Resolution a firm decision to do or not to do something
Thomas Paine Thomas Paine was an English and American political activist, philosopher, political theorist and revolutionary.
Monoply the exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a commodity or service.
Minutemen a member of a class of American militiamen who volunteered to be ready for service at a minute's notice.
Mercenary (of a person or their behavior) primarily concerned with making money at the expense of ethics.
Blockcade an act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving.
Lexington/Concord the first battles of the American Revolution. On 19 April 1775, a British armed force of about 700 men marched from Boston to destroy American military weapons at the town of Concord, Massachusetts.
Saratoga A major battle of the Revolutionary War, fought in 1777 in northern New York state. Benedict Arnold, who had not yet turned traitor, was a leader of the American offensive, which forced the surrender of British troops under General John Burgoyne.
Yorktown The last battle of the Revolutionary War, fought in 1781 near the seacoast of Virginia. There the British general Lord Cornwallis surrendered his army to General George Washington.
Articles of Confederation the original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.
Daniel Shays was an American soldier, revolutionary, and farmer famous for being one of the leaders of Shays' Rebellion, a populist uprising against oppressive debt collection and tax policies in Massachusetts in 1786 and 1787.
Federalist an advocate or supporter of federalism.
Anti-Federalist a person who opposed the ratification of the Constitution in 1789 and thereafter allied with Thomas Jefferson's Antifederal Party, which opposed extension of the powers of the federal Government.
Alexander Hamilton was a founding father of the United States, chief staff aide to General George Washington, one of the most influential interpreters and promoters of the U.S. Constitution, the founde
John Hancock was a founding father of the United States, chief staff aide to General George Washington, one of the most influential interpreters and promoters of the U.S. Constitution, the founde
James Madison was an American statesman, political theorist and the fourth President of the United States.
Rights a moral or legal entitlement to have or obtain something or to act in a certain way.
Responsibilities the state or fact of having a duty to deal with something or of having control over someone.
Citizens a legally recognized subject or national of a state or commonwealth, either native or naturalized.
Bill an amount of money owed for goods supplied or services rendered, set out in a printed or written statement of charges.
Created by: KRcolbert