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World Civ. 2
Russian & Prussian Autocracy
|Who were the Asian invaders that ruled Russia from the 13th to the 15th century?
|What Russian ruler had her husband killed to take over the throne?
|Catherine the Great
|What were the "windows on the west"? Why were they needed?
|Warm Water Ports to trade
|How did Peter the Great attempt to make Russia more powerful?
|Tried to get Warm Water Port in the Black Sea Tried to introduce Westernization Got one water port from Sweden (later turned into St. Petersburg introduced reforms from Europe
|1st ruler to assume the title Czar & Autocrat of all Russians.
|Ivan the Terrible
|What German ruler converted his country into an important European power?
|Frederick the Great
|What culture influenced 10th century Russia?
|Eastern Orthodox (European)(Byzantine Empire)
|What branch of Christianity did the Russians adopt?
|Belief that nothing is worth while in Russia. All must be destroyed to apply reason in science to build a better society.
|Forced conquered nations to adopt Russian culture, language, & religion (Eastern Orthodox)
|What were the social classes in Russia? Describe them.
|Czars - Royalty Clergy - religious leaders Boyars - land owning nobles Peasants - poor but weren't slaves Serfs - enslaved peasants
|What 3 Dynasties ruled Europe during the 15th - 20th centuries?
|H.R.E/Spain/Austria - Hapsburgs Russia - Czars Prussia/Germany - Hohenzollerns
|Who did the Boyars elect as Czar in 1613?
|Where was the Hohenzollern family from in Germany?
|What term was used to describe the Despots that introduced reforms to their nations?
|What was the period of Russian history called where nobles fought for the control of the throne?
|Time of Troubles
|Describe how Catherine the Great expanded Russia's boundaries south & west.
|*through wars she extended Russia's boundaries south to Black Sea(WWP) *took 1/3 of Poland(Prussia & Austria took rest) *made Russia a European power *gave Boyars more power *made serfs & peasants work more (if they revolted they would be killed
|What were the Jewish restricted districts called?
|Pale of Settlement
|Jews were victimized through Government violence known as _______.
|Identify 2 achievements & 2 weaknesses of absolute power. (Essay Question)
|Achievements: 1. Weakened forces trying to disunite a country 2. Furthered the growth of national states Weaknesses: 1. Nations Welfare depend on ability of 1 person often who sacrifices people needs for own wants 2. led their countries into costly w
|What is an Autocrat?
|a ruler who has absolute power
|Who made the Boyars shave their beards or pay a tax?
|Peter the Great
|Who ended Mongol rule in Russia and was a Slavic Grand Duke?
|Ivan the Great (III)
|How did Frederick the Great make Prussia a great power?
|*Began unification of Germany *took Silesia (from Maria Theresa) & 1/3 of Poland *supported literature, music, science, farming, education, equal treatment for all, & religious freedom
|Why was St. Petersburg built?
|to give access to Europe. To trade and to get ideas from Europe.
|Match ruling families to the country's they ruled.
|Spain/H.R.E./Prussia - Hapsburg Russia - Romanov Prussia/Germany - Hohenzollerns
|Who partitioned Poland?
|Prussia/Germany (Frederick the Great), Russia, & Austria
|What did enlightened despots do for their countries?
|Brought in reforms which gave the people more right's
|What events occurred during the reign of Catherine the Great?
|- took Warm Water Port in Black Sea - took 1/3 of Poland - agreed to partition Poland - granted charter of rights to Boyars
|Why did the intellectuals attack the absolute monarchs during the 18th century? Was it justified? Explain (Essay Question)
|Who were the 1st inhabitants in Russia in the 8th century? Who were the 2nd in 9th century?
|1st - Slavs 2nd - Norse
|Who ruled before the Time of Troubles?
|Ivan the Terrible
|Who was the 1st ruler of Russia to use the name Czar?
|Ivan the Great
|Who was the 1st ruler of Russia to use Czar Autocrat of all Russia?
|Ivan the Terrible
|Pick a ruler you think is interesting and explain why you think he's interesting? (Essay Question)