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Unit 11


1st law to restrict immigration on basis of race/nationality Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
railroad junction "cow towns" in Kansas; received cattle from trails and shipped them on RR back east Abilene and Dodge City
ranching whereby cowboys corralled cattle on US government-owned land and drove them to RR junctions in Kansas for sale “open range” ranching
two of the main cattle trails leading from the open ranges of Texas to the rail junctions in Kansas and Nebraska territory Chisholm and Goodnight Loving
midwestern cities that grew largely because they housed slaughterhouses for cattle arriving via the transcontinental railroads Chicago and Kansas City
invention by Joseph Glidden that helped bring about the end of open-range ranching by cutting off access to the open ranges barbed wire
federal law that gave 160 acres of public land free to any family that settled on it for 5 years Homestead Act of 1862
western settlers on Great Plains who built homes of grass "sodbusters"
Oklahoma settlers who arrived early (cheated) in the land rush of the late 1880s "Sooners"
historian who argued that the frontier had played a fundamental role in shaping the unique character of American society Frederick Jackson Turner
Frederick Jackson Turner's theory that the frontier had shaped the American character; he said frontier was closed in 1890 frontier thesis
wrote A Century of Dishonor in which she argued that American forces should stay off Indian lands Helen Hunt Jackson
school for Native Americans in Pennsylvania that sought to assimilate them into American culture Carlisle School
Law that attempted to assimilate Indians into American culture by 1) Dividing tribal lands into 160 acre farms or 320 acre ranches 2) Giving US citizenship to those who farmed the land for 25 years and adopted “civilized habits” Dawes Severalty Act (1887)
A spiritual movement by the Sioux that claimed the white man would soon disappear from their lands "Ghost Dance" movement
battle between US troops and Sioux (Lakota) that signifies the end of the Indian wars Wounded Knee
Sioux Chief killed by US troops at Wounded Knee Sitting Bull
term referring to South after Civil War; signifies new southern economy based upon integration into national economy, industry, and transportation improvements New South
system in which farmer paid portion of his crop as payment for the SUPPLIES (to store owners) Crop Lien System
Supreme Court case that said “separate but equal” accommodations in public were constitutional; started Jim Crow South Plessy v. Ferguson
term that refers to racial segregation in the South after the Civil War Jim Crow South
black leader who founded the Tuskegee Institute; Said social equality was “folly”; so blacks should at least improve themselves economically Booker T. Washington
speech made by Booker T. Washington that said social equality was not possible yet and economic equality should be focus for blacks Atlanta Compromise
challenged Booker T. Washington's idea of accommodation (Atlanta Compromise); said blacks should work for total social and political equality W.E.B. DuBois
farm movement of late 1800s that forced lawmakers to regulate shipping costs National Grange Movement
law that said RR must charge “reasonable and just” rates Interstate Commerce Act (1886)
included demands that helped farmers like graduated income tax and increased amount of money in circulation Ocala Platform
farmers party centered in south and west that hated banks, railroads (who they said overcharged them) and elites of the east Populist Party
African Americans who fled the violence of the Reconstructed South in 1879 and 1880 to start anew in Kansas exodusters
Created by: debbiecasillo
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