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History Chapter 2
The Work of the Archaeologist
|What is archaeology?
|Archaeology is the story of the past from material remains.
|What are artefacts?
|Artefacts are objects made by people such as spears, pots, coins and rings.
|What is prehistory?
|Prehistory is the history of people before writing was invented.
|How can you find sites?
|Above ground, below ground, chance discoveries, aerial photography, underwater evidence.
|Excavation or dig?
|Survey, grid of squares, trowels, brushes, sieves, numbered, catalogue, photograph, drawing, laboratory.
|What is stratigraphy?
|The earliest layers and finds are at the bottom and the latest are at the top. Therefore the underlying layer is earlier than the layer above it.
|What is tree ring dating?
|Each year a tree grows a ring of new wood, it is possible to work out when this tree was growing and when it was cut down by studying these rings.
|What is radiocarbon dating?
|The age of a plant, person or animal can be worked out by measuring the amount of radiocarbon left in the sample or piece.
|How is evidence destroyed?
|By building work, by storms, by war and volcanoes.
|How is evidence preserved?
|In tombs, in the desert, in peat bogs and by volcanoes.
|What is conservation?
|The protection and preservation of ancient objects so that they do not decay.