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History Chapter 2

The Work of the Archaeologist

What is archaeology? Archaeology is the story of the past from material remains.
What are artefacts? Artefacts are objects made by people such as spears, pots, coins and rings.
What is prehistory? Prehistory is the history of people before writing was invented.
How can you find sites? Above ground, below ground, chance discoveries, aerial photography, underwater evidence.
Excavation or dig? Survey, grid of squares, trowels, brushes, sieves, numbered, catalogue, photograph, drawing, laboratory.
What is stratigraphy? The earliest layers and finds are at the bottom and the latest are at the top. Therefore the underlying layer is earlier than the layer above it.
What is tree ring dating? Each year a tree grows a ring of new wood, it is possible to work out when this tree was growing and when it was cut down by studying these rings.
What is radiocarbon dating? The age of a plant, person or animal can be worked out by measuring the amount of radiocarbon left in the sample or piece.
How is evidence destroyed? By building work, by storms, by war and volcanoes.
How is evidence preserved? In tombs, in the desert, in peat bogs and by volcanoes.
What is conservation? The protection and preservation of ancient objects so that they do not decay.
Created by: ashbro