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mtms social study 8

1777 Turning Point of the Revolution: Patriots win Saratoga, Congress passes Articles of Confederation.
1781 Articles of confederation go into effect. British surrender at Yorktown. French navy help cut off cornwallis. Josef II allows religious freedom to christians in Austria.
1783 Treaty of paris ends revolutionary war.
1789 George Washington becomes first president. French revolution begins.
1: Popular Sovereignty Government authority represents peoples will, Enlightenment
2: Republicanism Representative democracy, people elect their own leaders
3: Federalism E Pluribus Unum (From many come one) = power is shared between government.
4:Separation of Powers pitted branches against each other, less efficient but more secure
5: Checks and Balances: Balances power by having one branch of government control the other and vice versa.
6: Limited gov. (1787) Limited gov. powers for many people were still afraid of a Monarchy.
7: Individual rights. Protected by bill of rights.
1800 Thomas Jefferson elected president
1803 Louisiana purchase is made
1828 Andrew Jackson is elected president
tariffs Taxes on improved goods(Part of Hamiltons plan to decrease debt)
Maybury v Madison Established the principle of judiciary review.
Louisiana purchase 15 million, Doubles US size (one of the only time Jefferson exerts his power)
Tecumseh A shawnee chief who was attempting to unite native americans agist US settlers
Monroe Doctrine An agreement that stated that the US was closed of to further colonization.
Jacksonian democracy A pledge to extend the power of the people in the government.
Indian Removal Act Required Native Americans to migrate west.
Trail of Tears After the Cherokees did not comply to the Indian Removal Act they were rounded up and forced to march west, one fourth of the marchers died.
Nullification A belief that a state could reject laws that they believed were unconstitutional
Abolition A movement to end slavery
1860 Abraham Lincoln is elected president
1861 Confederates Attack Fort Sumter, civil war starts, Czar Alexander frees Serfs in Russia, Italy unifies under king Victor Emmanuel II
1865 Thirteenth amendment abolishes slavery, Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox Court House ending civil war.
1868 Fourteenth amendment grants full citizenship to African Americans.
Compromise of 1850 the south thought was the north trying to make the slave states the minority. The north realized this mistake and tried to resolve this issue by strengthening the hold of slavery in other future territories.
Dred Scott v. Stanford The importance of this case was that it made the north think the south wanted to legalize slavery in the whole country. Also this led to Abraham Lincoln, one of our most intelligent leader to challenge the southern government an try to mend the union.
electors voters
enumeration official count, census
impeachment the process of accusing a public official of wrongdoing
pro tempore for the time being
indictment a written statement issued by the grand jury charging a person with a crime.
quorum a minimum number of members that must be present for business to take place
revenue income a government collects to cover expenses(highest government revenue comes from property tax)
tribunals courts
felonies serious crimes
appropriation public funds set aside for a specific purpose
militia en emergency force that is not part of the military (National guard)
Bill of attainder a law that condemns a person without a trial by court.
ex post facto law a law that would make and act a criminal offense after it was committed
tender $money$
Natural born citizen A citizen born in the U.S or a U.S commonwealth, or to parents who are U.S citizens.
Affirmation A statement declaring something true
Reprieves Delays or cancellations
Convene Call together
Misdemeanors Violations of the law
Inferior courts courts with less authority that the supreme court
Appellate having the power to review court decisions
suffrage right to vote
Common law A system of law based on customs and previous court decisions.
Bail Money that ensures that they will return to trial (If someone is too dangerous or elusive they can be deemed a flight risk and be held without bail)
1787 Shays Rebelion
1870 15th Amendment gave black males right to vote
Created by: Andres4