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Geography Terms

Unit 1 Geography Terms Booklet ANSWERS!

Geography the study of earth; physical and cultural features
Latitude lines that run east and west but MEASURE north or south
Parallels another name for lines of latitude
Equator the starting point for measuring all lines of latitude
Longitude lines that run north and south but MEASURE west and east
Meridians another name for lines of longitude
Prime Meridian the Granddaddy of all lines of longitude. The starting point for measuring all lines of longitude.
Degree a unit of measure on a map
Compass Rose labels directions on a map N, S, W, E
Intermediate directions NW, NE, SW, SE the middle of the cardinal directions
Cardinal directions N, S, W, E directions found on a compass rose
Absolute location pinpointing a global address
Global grid/global system lines of latitude and longitude form a global grid on a map or globe. This allows us to pinpoint absolute location
Plain a flat area, lowland
Globe a model or representation of Earth
Scale of a map is the ratio of a distance on the map to the corresponding distance on the ground.
Distortion misrepresentation of shape, area, distance, or direction of or between geographic features
Projection a representation (like a map) when trying to show a sphere on a flat sheet of paper
Key/legend shows the needed information for the map to make sense. Defines symbols.
Cartographer a map maker
GPS Global Positioning System satellites communicate with ground receivers to pinpoint locations on Earth
Relative location telling where some place is based on commonly known places
Global grid lines of latitude and longitude put together on a map/globe form the global grid
Political map shows political boundaries ex. Country/country, state/state
Physical map shows landforms/elevation on a map or globe
Population total number of people
Population density the average number of people per square mile
Map a flat representation of Earth’s surface
Inset map shows an area of the map more detailed; ex. Hawaii is usually found on an inset map.
Natural resources “gifts” of nature found on/in the land. Ex. Trees, coal, oil
Created by: ssha13



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