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Chapter 11 I & D
|Islamic holy city.
|They're a part of a desert-dwelling Arabian ethnic group.
|Cube in arabic, is the sacred building in the middle of a great mosque in Saudi Arabia.
|First wife of Muhammad, she was the first to convert to Islam.
|The Islamic "Bible".
|People of the Book
|Other Religions, such as Judaism and Christianity.
|Moral code and religious law of prophetic religion.
|Fertile area in a desert, watered by a natural well or spring.
|They journey Muhammad and his follwers made from Mecca for Yathrib.
|The belief in one God.
|Islam house of worship.
|A religious trip to Mecca.
|The effort in God's services.
|Muhammad's first caliph.
|Battle of Tours
|The battle at Tours, France, which pushed the muslims out of Europe.
|Fatima and Ali
|The daughter and son-in-law of Muhammad.
|Were another tradition of muslims, which fasted and meditated.
|A dynasty that reigned until 750, where they were overthrown.
|A dynasty that overthrew the Umayyads. They ended Arab dominance and made Islam a universal religion.
|A very wealthy Caliph. He was extremely generous and very helpful.
|They were Turks who migrated into the Middle East from Central Asia. They adopted Islam and built a large empire across the fertile crescent.
|A muslim Mongol leader, who took muslim and non-muslim lands.
|A succesor to Muhammad.
|The slender towers on a mosque.
|A cryer who climbs to the top of the minaret and calls people to prayer.
|Authoratized wealthy person.
|A muslim scholar and astronomer.
|He was first interested in every subject and profession. But he is best know for being a muslim philosopher.
|Was one of the most original medical thinkers.
|A Persian physician who wrote the Canon of Medicine, an encyclopedia about all medical practices.
|The ability to move up in social class
|An intricate design composed of curved lines that suggest floral shapes.
|The religion taught by Nanock, which was a blending of Islam and Hindu. The people of the religion later turned into a military, which clashed with Mughal rulers.
|A Mongol invader who was a military genius, poet and author.
|The Persian word for Mongol.
|The daughter-in-law of Akbar the Great
|A mausoleum made for Shah Jahan's wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
|Land ruled by a sultan.
|Social groups from which they could not change.
|Local Hindu rulers.
|A janizary military engineer, who created many mosques and palaces.
|A magnificent capital of the Safavid Empire.
|The elite force of the Ottoman army.