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Chapter Four

The First People

First People Native people known today as the Wichitas and Affiliated Tribes. Descendants of the Plains Village Farmers, they are Oklahoma's oldest historical people as they occupied the land when the first Europeans arrived.
tribal confederation network of different villages or other groups united by language, lifestyle and tradition.
semi-sedentary living in a permanent settlement for only part of the year
environmental adaptation use of local materials in construction in response to natural and social conditions such as climate and cost
brush arbor an open-sided flat roofed structure under which Wichitas dried corn and meat
mano and matate stone tools used to grind corn into meal
matrilineal tracing family relationships and descent through the maternal line
kinship relationships between people of common ancestry
clan a group made up of blood relatives usually on the mother's side
Corn Dance the Wichitas' most important ceremonial event
Sun Dance a world renewal ceremony conducted by the Plains Apaches and Kiowas.
Created by: AmiBrown