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Chapter Two

The Earliest People: Oklahoma Land of Contrasts

Beringia a land bridge that connected Asia with North America during the last great ice age.
Paleo-Indians the first Americans who hunted large animals and used stone and bone tools
Big Game Hunters Early people of North America who hunted mammoths using man-made spear points known as Clovis Points
Foragers Ancient people who limited their hunting and gathering to a smaller area than their big game hunting ancestors did, returning to certain sites again and again.
atlatl a wooden throwing stick used to propel a spear
petroglyphs a carving, painting or inscription on a rock wall.
Early Farmers First people in Oklahoma to grow maize for food and to make pottery.
artifacts object made by human work or skill (like a basket) found at an archeological site
Plains Village Farmers earliest farming inhabitants of the Southern Plains; they grew corn, beans, squash and pumpkins and lived in square houses with thatched roofs.
Mound Builders Pre-Columbian culture that built huge earthworks which served as public buildings, homes of chiefs, or burial sites.
artisans skilled craftspeople who make jewelry, cloth, tools or other items.
Created by: AmiBrown