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1942A US History CP

TermDefinition
Separatists Pilgrims escaping persecution in England
Puritans They wanted to purify the Protestant Church
Ponce De Leon Explorer who named Florida
Hernando Cortez Led forces to conquer the Aztecs
Jamestown First American settlement
Enlightenment Age of Reason
French and Indian War War against colonists and British by French and Indians
Proclamation of 1763 Attempt by British to stop settlement west of Appalachians
Sugar Act Tries to reduce Colonial smuggling
Boston Tea Party An example of colonist's rebellion to British rule
Battle of Lexington First battle of Minutemen
France Ally of America in Revolution
Intolerable Acts Petition sent to the king by the Continental Congress
John Locke Influence on Thomas Jefferson and the Declaration of Independence
Separation of Powers Checks and Balances
James Madison Exception to authors of the Federalist
Jonathan Edwards Leader of the Great Awakening
Vice-President Also President of the Senate
Senator 6 year term
President Citizen since birth, 4 year terms
Constitution Supreme Law of the Land
1st Amendment Freedom of Speech, Press, Religion, Assembly
Thomas Jefferson 3rd President and purchased the Louisiana Territory
War of 1812 Trade dispute
Lyman Beecher Leader of the Temperance Movement
Trail of Tears Forced march of the Cherokees
Battle of San Jacinto Guaranteed Texas Independence
Harriett Beecher Stowe Author of Uncle Tom's Cabin
Horace Greeley One of the Founders of the Republican Party
Dred Scott Decision Did not guarantee that slavery would spread
Abraham Lincoln Won the election of 1860, upset many southerners, one of the factors in the Civil War
Robert E. Lee Confederate commander
Ulysses S. Grant Won the battle of Vicksburg, later commander of all U.S. forces, President of the U.S. from 1868-1876
Seneca Falls Convention A convention to discuss the rights of women
Scalawags White southerners who joined the Republican Party
Carpetbaggers Northerners who moved south as unscrupulous businesmen
Wounded Knee Last battle to end the Plains Indian Wars
William McKinley His election led to the demise of the Populist Party
Andrew Carnegie Scottish Immigrant who made a fortune in Steel
Laissez Faire The idea that government should leave the economy alone and allow supply and demand to determine price
John D. Rockefeller Head of Standard Oil
Alexander Graham Bell Invented the Telephone
Eugene Debbs President of the American Railway Union
Chinese Exclusion Act Policy to decrease Chinese Immigration
Thomas Edison Invented the Light Bulb
Graft Illegal use of Political influence
Tamany Hall Name of New York Political Machine
Muckrakers Progressive Era journalists who liked to investigate and report coruption
Fourteen Points President Wilson's plan for peace after WWI
The Versailles Treaty The treaty decided upon after the war, which provided the Central Powers with massive reparations
Created by: Solomon Abram