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U.S. History

Topic 9 "WWII"

TermDefinition
Washington Naval Conference meeting held in 1922 where world leaders agreed to limit the construction of warships
London Conference Meeting of international representatives in 1933 about finding an agreement on measures to fight global depression, revive international trade, and stabilize currency exchange rates.
Kellogg- Briand Pact 1928 meeting in which many nations agreed to outlaw war as a solution to international conflict
Mussolini Came to power in Italy after founding the Fascist Party which was a right wing organization that promoted strong nationalism and promised to make Italy a world power
Hitler German politician and the leader of the Nazi Party while serving as chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945
Stalin Came to power as the head of the communist party in Russia after Vladimir Lenin's death in 1924
Tojo 40th Prime Minister of Japan during most of World War II and was directly responsible for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Nazi party Political party that emerged in Post WWI Germany and emerged from the German nationalist, racist, and populist paramilitary culture, which fought against communist uprisings
Holocaust The period of systematic murder by the Nazis of Jews and other ethinc/religious groups.
Communism A socioeconomic system that places common ownership on the means of production which is characterized by the absence of social classes, money, and the state.
Cash and Carry A policy that replaced the Neutrality Acts of 1939. The revision allowed the sale of materiel to belligerents, as long as the recipients arranged for the transport using their own ships and paid immediately in cash, assuming all risk in transportation.
Neutrality Act Act that allowed nations at war to buy goods and arms in the United States if they paid cash and carried the merchandise on their own ships
Lend Lease Act Act passed in 1941 that allowed President Roosevelt to sell or lend war supplies to any country whose defense he considered vital to the safety of the United States
Pearl Harbor American military base attacked by the Japanese on December 7, 1941
D-Day June 6, 1944, the day allies landed on the beaches of Normandy, France
Battle of the Bulge December 1944, Hitler ordered a counterattack on Allied troops in Belgium, but it crippled Germany by using up reserves and demoralizing its troops
Japanese Americans Internment The World War II confinement of between 110,000 and 120,000 people of Japanese heritage who lived on the Pacific coast of the United States.
rationing government controlled limits on the amount of certain goods that civilians could buy during wartime
pacifism The belief that any violence, including war, is unjustifiable under any circumstances, and that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means.
Nationalism Loyalty and devotion to one's nation
Nuremburg Trials Trials in which Nazi leaders were charged with war crimes
Hiroshima/Nagasaki
Yalta Conference 1945 strategy meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin
Created by: Mr. Peirce