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1942A U.S. History

TermDefinition
Separatists Pilgrims escaping persecution in England
Puritans wanted to purify the Protestant Church
Ponce De Leon Explorer who named Florida
Hernando Cortez Led forces to conquer the Aztecs.
Jamestown First American settlement
Enlightenment Age of Reason
French and Indian War War against colonists and British by French and Indians.
Proclamation of 1763 Attempt by British to stop settlement west of Appalachians.
Sugar Act Tries to reduce Colonial smuggling.
Boston Tea Party An example of colonist’s rebellion to British rule
Battle of Lexington First battle of Minutemen.
France Ally of America in Revolution.
Intolerable Acts Petition sent to the king by the Continental Congress.
John Locke Influence on Thomas Jefferson and the Declaration of Independence.
Separation of Powers Checks and Balances
James Madison Exception to authors of the Federalist
Jonathan Edwards Leader of the Great Awakening
Vice-President Also President of the Senate.
Senator 6 year term
President Citizen since birth, 4 year terms
Constitution Supreme Law of the Land.
1st Amendment Freedom of Speech, Press, Religion, Assembly.
Thomas Jefferson 3rd President and purchased the Louisiana Territory
War of 1812 Trade dispute.
Lyman Beecher Leader of the Temperance Movement
Trail of Tears Forced march of the Cherokees
Battle of San Jacinto Guaranteed Texas Independence.
Harriett Beecher Stowe Author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
Horace Greeley One of the Founders of the Republican Party.
Dred Scott Decision Did not guarantee that slavery would spread.
Abraham Lincoln Won the election of 1860, upset many southerners, one of the factors in the Civil War
Robert E. Lee Confederate commander
Ulysses S. Grant Won the battle of Vicksburg, later commander of all U.S. forces, President of the U.S. from 1868-1876.
Seneca Falls Convention A convention to discuss the rights of women
Scalawags White southerners who joined the Republican Party.
Carpetbaggers Northerners who moved south as unscrupulous businessmen.
Wounded Knee Last battle to end the Plains Indian Wars.
William McKinley His election led to the demise of the Populist Party.
Andrew Carnegie Scottish Immigrant who made a fortune in Steel.
Laissez Faire the idea that government should leave the economy alone and allow supply/demand to determine price
John D. Rockefeller Head of Standard Oil.
Alexander Graham Bell Invented the Telephone.
Eugene Debbs President of the American Railway Union
Chinese Exclusion Act Policy to decrease Chinese Immigration.
Thomas Edison Invented the Light Bulb.
Graft Illegal use of Political influence.
Tamany Hall Name of New York Political Machine.
Muckrakers Progressive Era journalists who liked to investigate and report corruption
Fourteen Points President Wilson’s plan for peace after WWI
The Versailles Treaty the treaty decided upon after the war, which provided the Central Powers with massive reparations
Created by: cgehrin