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Unit 9


the event that started the Civil War Confederate attack on Fort Sumter (SC)
Confederacy the South in the Civil War
confederation a loose association of states who share a weak central government
Union the North in the Civil War
years of the Civil War 1861-1865
King Cotton Diplomacy southern war strategy that said Great Britain's dependence on southern cotton would force it (GB) to recognize the Confederacy and help it fight the North
Anaconda Plan Union strategy of blockading southern ports to prevent supplies from reaching South
attrition Union strategy of using its superior numbers to wear the South down over time
Vicksburg Union victory that gave it control of the Mississippi River and thus divided the Confederacy in half
Gettysburg Union victory in Pennsylvania that crippled the South's offensive capabilities
"March to the Sea" Union General William Sherman's campaign that sought to break southern morale; destroyed everything in its path from Chattanooga to Savannah (including Atlanta
Trent Affair diplomatic crisis in which Confederate diplomats traveling on British steamer the Trent were seized by Union Navy, removed from Trent, and taken as POWs; British threatened war on Union; Lincoln released diplomats
contraband property seized from the enemy; slaves considered this
Confiscation Act 1861 allowed slaves to be seized by Northern army as contraband
Emancipation Proclamation (1862-63) Lincoln’s declaration of 1862 that freed all slaves in those states that were in rebellion (but not those in the border states)
Massachusetts 54th Regiment most famous black regiment of Civil War
13th Amendment emancipated every slave in the United States
writ of habeas corpus literally means "you shall have the body"; a judicial principle that states an accused person should be brought before a judge and informed of the charges against him or her
Conscription Act, 1863 (North) declared all men 20-45 eligible for draft; could avoid if you found sub. or you paid $300 fee
New York City Draft Riot 1863 carried out by poor, mostly Irish-Americans; attacked blacks and rich whites in response to Conscription Act of 1863; 117 killed
Homestead Act gave recipients 160 acres of free land in Great Plains as long as you farmed it for 5 years
Morrill Land Grant Act allowed states to sell federal land to establish agricultural and technical colleges
Appomattox place in Virginia where Robert E. Lee (South) officially surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant (North)
Ulysses S. Grant Union general whose strategy of attrition won the war
Robert E. Lee Confederate general whose tactical abilities won numerous battles for South early in the war
John Wilkes Booth assassin of Abraham Lincoln
West Virginia became a state in 1863 because it consisted of counties in a southern state that were opposed to slavery
Created by: debbiecasillo
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