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AC - Ch.13-14: 1920s

Am. Cultures - Ch.13-14: The Roaring 20s

TermDefinition
Flapper A 1920s term used to describe a new type of young women - rebellious, energetic, fun-loving, and bold; she typically wore shorter (knee-length) skirts/dresses, short hair, cloche hat, and heavy makeup
Demographics The statistics that describe a population, such as data on race or income
Barrio A Spanish-speaking neighborhood
Mass media Print and broadcast methods of communicating information to large numbers of people
Jazz Age Term used to describe the 1920s
Lost Generation Group of writers in the 1920s who shared the belief that they were lost in a greedy, materialistic world that lacked moral values, and who often chose to flee to Europe
Harlem Renaissance African American literary awakening of the 1920s, centered in Harlem
Bootleggers Term used to describe suppliers of illegal alcohol during Prohibition
Speakeasies Bars that operated illegally during the time of Prohibition
Fundamentalism Set of religious beliefs including traditional Christian ideas about Jesus Christ, the belief that the bible was inspired by God and does not contain contradictions or errors, and is literally true
Scopes trial 1925 court case argued by Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan in which the issue of teaching evolution in public schools was debated
Communism Official ideology of the Soviet Union, characterized there by complete government ownership of land and property, single-party control of the government, the lack of individual rights, and the call for worldwide revolution
Red Scare Intense fear of communism and other politically radical ideas
Isolationism Policy of avoiding political or economic alliances with foreign countries
Disarmament Program in which the nations of the world voluntarily give up their weapons
Quota A numerical limit
Teapot Dome scandal Scandal during the Harding administration involving the granting of oil drilling rights on government land in return for money
Kellogg-Briand Pact Agreement signed in 1928 in which nations agreed not to pose the threat of war against one another
Consumer economy An economy that depends on a large amount of spending by consumers
Installment plan A payment plan that allows customers to make payments at set intervals over a period of time until the total debt is paid
Gross National Product (GNP) Total annual value of goods and services a country produces
Assembly line Manufacturing process in which each worker does one specialized task in the construction of the final product
Welfare Capitalism An approach to labor relations in which companies meet some of their workers' needs without prompting by unions, thus preventing strikes and keeping productivity high
Speculation The practice of making high-risk investments in hopes of getting a huge return
Buying on margin An option that allows investors to purchase a stock for only a fraction of its price and borrow the rest
Created by: tmgilbert