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Key Terms

Chapter 5

TermDefinition
Paxton Boys (1764): armed march on Philadelphia by Scotts Irish frontiersmen in protest against the Quaker establishment’s lenient policies toward Native Americans
Regulator Movement (1768-1771): eventually violent uprising of back-country settlers in North Carolina against unfair taxation and the control of colonial affairs by seaboard elite; Paxton boys started this to go against the taxation that helps the rich and not the poor
Triangular Trade exchange of rum, slaves, and molasses between the North American Colonies, Africa, and the West Indies. A small but immensely profitable subset of Atlantic Trade
Molasses Act (1737): tax on imported molasses passed by Parliament in effort to squelch the North American trade with the French West Indies; it proved ineffective due to a widespread of smuggling
Arminianism belief that salvation is offered to all humans on acceptance of God’s grace. Different from Calvinism; which emphasizes predestination and unconditional election
Great Awakening (1730’s and 1740’s): religious revival that swept the colonies. Participating ministers, most notably Johnathan Edwards and George Whitfield placed an emphasized on direct, emotive spirituality. Second Great Awakening arose in the 19th century
Old Lights orthodox clergymen who rejected the emotionalism of the Great Awakening in favor of more rational spirituality
New Lights ministers who took part in the revivalist, emotive religious tradition pioneered by George Whitefield during the Great Awakening
Poor Richard's Almanack (1732-1758): widely read annual pamphlet edited by Benjamin Franklin. Best known for is proverbs and aphorisms emphasizing thrift, industry, morality, and common sense
Zenger Trial (1734-1735): NY libel case against John Peter Zenger. Established the principle that truthful statements about public officials could not be prosecuted as libel
Royal Colonies colonies that governors that were directly appointed by the King; the governors often ran into trouble with legislators that did not like getting controlled by the king from overseas (over the Atlantic)
Proprietary Colonies Colonies – Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware – under the control of local proprietors, who appointed colonial governors
Created by: snossenkopp