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lessons 1 and 2

The first civilizations started in 3500 B.C.
Civilization A group of people with an organized and complex society within a culture
Plain Area of flat land
Mesopotamia Land between the rivers
In the fertile crescent there is not enough _____ to grow plants Rain
In 5000 B.C. farmers living in the northern part of the fertile crescent... Began moving south for fertile land
Farmers moved from a plateau to Mesopotamia
Irrigation Trenches and ditches brought water from rivers to fields
Mesopotamians built huts using reed
Made bricks from Mud and straw
Most worked as farmers of herders of Goats, sheep, and cattle
Mesopotamians used_____ to transport goods Rivers
Production of surpluses food was a great rise in civilization
Farming improves population rises
Soon people arrived in 2 parts of the fertile crescent Northern and western
By 3500 B.C. several villages became city-states Uruk, Kish, Lagash, Nippur, and Ur
City-state A city with its individual unit, complete with its own goverment
Region An area with common physical features
Sargon Akkadian ruler who conquered many city-states
Cuneiform form of writing
Gilgamesh literature figure
Ur-Nammu Farming, Businesses, literature, and arts
Sumerians developed written systems that helped us with... Business dealings, create works of literature, and to copy medical text
Fertile Rich soil
Created by: Livybivy03