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WWII

World War Two

TermDefinition
Pearl Harbor Strategic Pacific naval base in Hawaii that was attacked by the Japanese, bringing America into the Second World War.
Neutrality Acts Made it illegal to sell arms to any country at war as well as loaning money.
League of Nations International organization in which members would submit disputes for arbitration to avoid going to war, while reducing armaments
Reparations Payment by the losing country(Germany) in a war to the winner for the damages caused by the war
Adolf Hitler Nazi party leader of Germany. Became dictator of Germany, known as 'Die Fuhrer'
Benito Mussolini Founder of Italy's Fascist movement. Dictator of Italy, known as 'Il Duce'
Hideki Tojo Prime Minister of Japan as of 1941, who supported aggressive military policies.
Lend-Lease Nations could receive weapons, then return them or pay rent for them after the war. Used for countries 'vital to the defense of the US'
Cash & Carry Weapons could be sold to warring nations but they had to send their own ships to pick up the goods and had to pay in cash
Blitzkrieg war conducted with great speed and force; specifically : a violent surprise offensive by massed air forces and mechanized ground forces in close coordination
Windtalkers Soldiers from the Navajo tribe, who used their language to communicate across the radio so that the Japanese could not understand them.
Korematsu Toyosaburo Korematsu refused to go to the internment camps, was arrested. Korematsu petitioned the Supreme Court to hear his case.
Atomic Bomb Weapons of Mass Destruction, used at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, military centers in Japan to the end the war.
Holocaust The Final Solution by Germany under Hitler, that led to the execution of nearly 6 million Jews, and 3 million Gypsies, insane, and homosexuals.
Stalingrad Turning Point on the Eastern Front, Strategic city for Russian economy, Germany fought urban war Germany was on the defensive after they lost the battle.
Midway Turning Point in Pacific theater of the war. US ambushed the Japanese fleet, stopping the Japanese advancement in the Pacific six months after Pearl Harbor.
D-Day June 6, 1944; agreed upon date that the Allies would launch the invasion of France opening up a two front war.
Executive Order 9066 Order signed by Roosevelt allowing the internment of people of Japanese ancestry within any military zones, included the internment of Germans and Italians.
Tuskegee Airmen First African American unit in the Air Force, trained in Tuskegee, Alabama. Did not lose a single member to enemy aircraft.
Rationing Restricting the amount of an item an individual can have due to a limited supply
Franklin Delano Roosevelt President of the United States during most of the Great Depression and the Second World War.
Island Hopping Military strategy to advance through the Pacific by hopping from one island to the next.
Bracero Program Federal government program for Mexican farmworkers to help harvest crops in the Southwest US, allowed them to come into the US on a temporary basis.
Josef Stalin Russian dictator from 1924-1953. Communist leader with total control over Russia
Chester Nimitz Admiral of the United States Pacific fleet during World War Two.
Douglas MacArthur General in charge of the army in the Pacific. Do to his success he was appointed Supreme Commander, Allied Powers in Japan after te war.
Bataan Death March Forced 65-mile march of 78,000 American prisoners of war, to a Japanese prisoner camp.10,000 men died.
Flying Tigers Volunteer group of American airmen who served under Chiang Kai-Sheks military to fight off Japan.
Victory Gardens Garden planted by citizens during war to raise vegetables for home use, leaving more for the troops
Created by: lpm3000