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WWI

World War One

TermDefinition
Militarism A policy of military preparedness
Alliances a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations
Imperialism the actions used by one nation to exercise political or economic control over a smaller or weaker nation
Nationalism loyalty and devotion to a nation
Trench Warfare warfare in which the opposing forces attack and counterattack from a relatively permanent system of trenches protected by barbed-wire entanglements
Archduke Franz Ferdinand Heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, assassinated in Sarajevo, starting WWI
Selective Service Act Required all men 21 to 30 to register for the draft. Used a lottery system to pick draftees.
General John "Blackjack" Pershing Commander of the American Expeditionary Forces during World War One
Alvin C York Conscientious objector, who later joined the war. Single handedly killed 28 and captured 132 German soldiers during the Battle of the Argonne Forest.
Woodrow Wilson President during World War One who tried to avoid involvement in the war.
Communism a way of organizing a society in which the government owns the things that are used to make and transport products (such as land, oil, factories, ships, etc.) and there is no privately owned property
Argonne Forest Battle in which the Germans finally started to crumble to American forces and retreated
Espionage Act Made it illegal to aid the enemy, give false reports, or interfere with the war effort
Propaganda The spreading of ideas about an institution or individual for the purpose of influencing opinion
Armistice A temporary agreement to end fighting
Stalemate a contest, dispute, competition, etc., in which neither side can gain an advantage or win
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare Germany using submarines to sink without warning any ship they found in the waters around Britain, Main cause for US entry into World War One
Treaty of Versailles Peace Treaty to end the Great War, attended by 27 nations. Set seeds for WWII. US did not sign it.
Zimmerman Telegram Telegram from Germany to Mexico, promising to help Mexico recover lost territory if it attacked US, and returning to unrestricted submarine warfare
Sedition Act Made it illegal to speak against the war publicly.
Fourteen Points Wilson's proposal for peace after the war, including the creation of the League of Nations.
Reparations Money Germany had to pay for loosing World War One
League of Nationa An international organization of nations whose purpose was to prevent war
Tanks New technology used to break the stalemate of trench warfare
Mustard Gas Chemical agent used by Germany in WWI to break the stalemate of trench warfare
Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary Empire and the Ottoman Empire
Allied Powers England, France, Italy, and the United States
American Expeditionary Force American army sent to fight in Europe during WWI
Created by: lpm3000