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Key Content Terms

Articles of Confederation The first constitution of the U.S.; Ratified in 1781 and replaced in 1789 by the constitution we have now
Northwest Ordinance law passed in 1787 that set rules for how new territories should govern themselves and how they could eventually become states
Three-Fifths Compromise an agreement made at the Constitutional Convention stating that enslaved persons would be counted as three-fifths of a person when determining a state’s population for representation in the House of Representatives
republic System in which people elect representatives to govern them according to law
Electoral College The group established by the Constitution to elect the president and vice president. Voters in each state choose their electors.
federalism Government that divides power between a central government and state governments
Northwest Territory a region of the United States bounded by the Ohio and Mississippi rivers and the Great Lakes. The region was given to the United States by the Treaty of Paris in 1783.
ratify To formally approve a suggested action
the Great Compromise the plan of government adopted at the Constitutional Convention that established a two-house Congress. In the House of Representatives, representation from each state is based on state population. In the Senate, each state is represented by two senators.
constitution a written plan that provides the basic framework of a government
The Federalist Papers a series of essays written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay in support of the ratification of the Constitution by the states
Created by: Franceschini