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Chapters 1/2


Declaration of Independence Was more of an explanation of Independence. Written by Thomas Jefferson and was approved on July 4, 1776. He argued that the colonists were justified in servering their connection
Articles of Confederation the first constitution of the thirteen USA (ineffective government)
Bill of Rights guarantee personal liberty
Cash crop- tobacco and corn and indigo
Mercantilism economic system in which nations seek to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by explorting more than importing
Land ownership (American Indians) believed that land was owned by the Great Spirit, they thought that they were just sharing it for a period of time
Enlightenment Aage of optimism, included realistic recognition of the sad state of the human condition and the need for major reforms. Less a set of ideas than it was a set of attitudes. Critical questioning of traditional institutions, customs, and morals.
Great Compromise- the agreement by which Congress would have two houses, the Senate (where each state gets equal representation-two senators) and the House of Representatives (where representation is based on population).
Columbus- interactions with indigenous peoples thought he was on the edge of Asia. Called native americans “indians” because he believed he was in India.
Checks and balances- division of power between branches of government
Columbian exchange The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
Federalism supporters of the constitution during the debate over its ratification; favored a strong national government
Created by: PLHShistory