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Unit 3 Study Guide


Who was at the constitutional Convention? James Madison, George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Governor Morris
Who did not attend the constitutional convention? Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Patrick Henry
Father of the Constitution James Madison
Who supported the compromises? Benjamin Franklin
New Jersey Plan Presented at the Philadelphia Convention. Called for one house of congress, each state to have equal representation
Virginia Plan Provided for a national government composed of three branches: judicial, executive, legislative
The Great Compromise Called for congress to have two houses
South Had slaves Mostly agriculture/farmers Depended upon slave labor to farm the land
North More diverse (had fishermen, manufacturers, bankers) Economy didn't depend on slave labor Was the center for ship-building and trade
Fugitive Slave Act Stated that slaves who escaped must be returned to their owners
3/5th Clause Representatives were determined by the number of free people, indentured servants, and 3/5 of all other persons (slaves)
Enumerated powers Those rights and responsibilities of the U.S. government specifically provided for & listed in the constitution
Necessary and Proper Clause Gives congress the power to make all laws that are "necessary and proper". AKA the Elastic Clause
General Welfare Clause Provide for the common defense and general welfare (common good) of the United States
Ex Post Facto Laws Law that makes an act a crime even though it was legal when it happened
Supreme Court Powers Has power to override state laws that violate the constitution
Presidential Checks to power Carry out and enforce laws made by congress, can reject APPOINTMENTS and TREATIES with foreign nations, only congress can declare WAR, VETO laws passed by congress, nominate people for important government jobs with the ADVISE AND CONSENT of the Senate.
Electoral College Presidential electors who cast the official votes for president and vice president after a presidential election (every 4 years)
Original jurisdiction Cases involving state government or an ambassador that go directly to the U.S. Supreme Court
Appelatte jurisdiction Cases that are tried in lower courts and appealed before going to the U.S. Supreme Court
Reasoning for judges appointments Judges should be independent of politics
Created by: edtherapist