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History unit 6

TermDefinition
Missouri compromise 1820 Under this Maine entered as a free state and Missouri entered as a slave state and a line was drawn at the 36'30'' line
the alamo fort that the Texas rebels occupied. When the Mexican army advanced on the fort, the less than 200 rebels held their position. While under siege, the rebels defended themselves for almost two weeks before being massacred on March 6 by Santa Anna.
election of 1844 Election between Henry Clay and James K. Polk. Polk won.
james k polk 11th president, democrat
texas annexation After many battles with the Native Americans and Mexicans living in Texas, the U.S. acquired Texas as the 28th state.
50-40 or fight James K. Polk's slogan to take control of British-controlled Oregon.
Mexican War (1846-1848) The war between the United States and Mexico in which the United States acquired one half of the Mexican territory.
Wilmot Proviso Bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the War with Mexico
Treaty of Guadalupe Hildago 1848 treaty ending the Mexican-American War
49ers People who rushed to California in 1849 for gold.
Mexican Cession 1848. Awarded as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo after the Mexican American War. U.S. paid $15 million for 525,000 square miles.
Antonia de Santa Ana General of the Mexican army and president of Mexico
Webster-Ashburton Treaty 1842 - Established Maine's northern border and the boundaries of the Great Lake states.
Lone Star Republic Nickname for Texas after it won independence from Mexico in 1836
Stephen Austin American who settled in Texas, one of the leaders for Texan independence from Mexico
Sam Houston 1st and 3rd President of Texas Republic
Gadsden Purchase 1853 purchase by the United States of southwestern lands from Mexico for $10 million
Oregon Trail 2000 mile long path along which thousands of Americans journeyed to the Willamette Valley in the 1840's.
Martin Van Buren 8th President, Democrat (1782-1862)
William Henry Harrison 9th president who died 3 weeks into his presidency, Whig (1841-1841)
John Tyler 10th president, whig
John C Freemont Freed California with the Bear Flag Revolt. He stabilized with Kearney.
Zachary Taylor 12th president
Stephen Kearny Known as the "Long Marcher". Marched from Kansas to New Mexico. He beat Mexico without bloodshed
Winfield Scott Captured Mexico city to end war. This man never lost a battle.
Joseph Smith Creater of Mormonism
Brigham Young A Mormon leader who urged the Mormons to move farther west. They settled at the edge of the lonely desert near the Great Salt Lake.
Tippecanoe and Tyler too William Henry Harrison's slogan used (fake) in election of 1840 against Van Buren. Beg. of mudslinging.
Manifest Destiny A notion held by a nineteenth-century Americans that the United States was destined to rule the continent, from the Atlantic the Pacific.
Bear Flag Revolt A revolt of American settlers in California against Mexican rule. It ignited the Mexican War and ultimately made California a state.
Slidell's Rejection A diplomat sent by Polk to buy California, New Mexico, and Texas from the Mexicans. Mexico rejected his offer and Polk sent Taylor's army into Mexico
Panic of 1837 A financial crisis in the United States that led to an economic depression
Whig Party A political party formed in 1834 by opponents of Andrew Jackson and who supported a strong legislature
Empresario System Mexico gave land to US citizens if they became mexicans and followed mexican law
compromise of 1850 Includes California admitted as a free state, the Fugitive Slave Act, Made popular sovereignty in most other states from Mexican- American War
Crittenden compromise Amendment to protect slavery where it existed with the extension of the 36-30 line to California
Sutter's Mill Location where gold was discovered in California in 1848, setting off the gold rush
spot resolution Abe Lincoln's condition for the war. Asked President Polk to show the spot where Zachary Taylor's forces were attacked
Texas War for Independence Successful revolt by Texans against Mexican rule in 1835-1836.
Created by: tmarko