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Unit 5 Vocab US Hist

QuestionAnswer
Expansionism desire to gain new territory politically or economically
Isolationism desire to stay out of the political matters of other countries
Interventionism interfering in the political matters of other countries
Domestic issues occurring within a country
Imperialism controlling another country or land area politically or economically
Spanish American War America, after its victory over Spain in gaining the independence of Cuba, emerges as a world power
Humanitarianism desire to protect human welfare and social reform
Yellow Journalism articles that are sensationalized or exaggerated to sell papers
U.S.S. Maine the sinking of this ship off the coast of Cuba will lead the United States to declare war on Spain, starting the Spanish American war (turns out Spain did not sink the ship though)
De Lome Letter Spain calls President McKinley weak and unfit, stolen by the Cubans, then published and embellished by the United States’ papers (will lead the US towards declaring war on Spain)
Spheres of Influence controlling the economic trade of another country
Open Door Policy Makes China open to trade with all countries to allow US access to the European Spheres of Influence in China
Diplomatic how countries interact with each other whether positively or negatively
Boxer Rebellion violent Chinese rebellion against the foreigners in their country, US will lead an international coalition against them, leading to China being controlled even stronger by outsiders
Platt Amendment Gave United States control over Cuba after the Spanish American War and allowed the US to build a military base at Guantanamo Bay
Roosevelt Corollary Extended the Monroe Doctrine saying that the US would act as a police force to keep Europe from interfering in any way in the Western Hemisphere
Big Stick Diplomacy Theodore Roosevelt’s policy that America should act calm and diplomatically with other countries but should always make them aware of the threat of force “Speak Softly and Carry a Big Stick”
Dollar Diplomacy Belief that the US should exert power over other countries using money, such as loans or other means of financial power, supported by President Taft
Moral Diplomacy Belief that the government should exert its influence over other countries by serving as a moral guide, encouraging countries to promote democracy and other beliefs of the United States
Nation A group of people who share the same goals, culture, and history. When these nations are controlled by a different group of people, issues usually arise.
Powder Keg Nickname given to Bosnia, Serbia, and Austria Hungary because they were the “spark” that started WWI due to problems between Serbian Nationals and the Austrian Government.
Neutrality Desire to not support either side in a war or conflict
Lusitania British passenger ship carrying US citizens that was attacked by the Germans use of unrestricted submarine warfare, which would start leading the US towards entering WWI
Zimmerman Note Note between Germany and Mexico, but intercepted by the British, that was asking Mexico to join the war on the side of the Germans with the promise of being given back the land the US took during the Mexican American War
Wilson’s Fourteen Points President Wilson’s list of what will keep lasting world peace including freedom of the seas, ending secret treaties, reducing arms (weapons), self-determination of peoples, and creating an international peace organization
Self Determination a nation or cultural group’s right to govern themselves
Propaganda biased information used to promote one group’s cause over another group’s desires
Sedition Act Reduced American citizens’ right to object to US involvement in WWI
League of Nations weak international peace keeping organization created after WWI, will be proposed by Wilson but the US Congress will not approve our involvement
War Guilt Clause clause in the Treaty of Versailles that said Germany was to blame for WWI, leading them to be severely punished by Europe
Reparations Payments the losing side of a war must make to the winners to pay for damages accrued during the war. Will bankrupt Germany after WWI.
Treaty of Versailles Treaty that ended WWI and many of its provisions will directly lead to the rise of dictators in Italy and Germany, eventually leading to WWII
1920 Election Election whose main issue is whether or not to support the League of Nations, Democrats wanted to support Wilson’s Fourteen Points including the League of Nations, But Republicans, under Harding, won, supporting a return to isolationism
Dawes Plan Plan by the League of Nations, with the support of the United States, to set up a plan to help Germany economically afford the sanctions (reparations) placed upon them by the Treaty of Versailles
Neutrality Acts Acts passed by the United States that meant the US would not get involved in future international conflicts after WWI
Good Neighbor Policy Franklin D . Roosevelt wanted to create a friendly and a mutually beneficial relationship with Latin America including supporting each other militarily
Created by: ahowe