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middle colonies

subsistence farming Subsistence agriculture is self-sufficiency farming in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their families
export The term export means shipping the goods and services out of the port of a country.
import bring (goods or services) into a country from abroad for sale
royal colony a colony governed directly by the crown through a governor and council appointed by it — compare charter colony, proprietary colony
proprietary colony A proprietary colony was a colony in which one or two Individuals, usually land owners, remaining subject to their parent state's sanctions, retained rights that are today regarded as the privilege of the state, and in all cases eventually became so.
triangular trade a multilateral system of trading in which a country pays for its imports from one country by its exports to another
frontier a line or border separating two countries
meeting house a Quaker place of worship
apprentice a person who is learning a trade from a skilled employer, having agreed to work for a fixed period at low wages
naval stores articles or materials used in shipping.
patroon a person given land and granted certain manorial privileges under the former Dutch governments of New York and New Jersey
great migration The Great Migration was the movement of 6 million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1910 and 1970
Conestoga wagon The Conestoga wagon is a heavy, covered wagon that was used extensively during the late 18th century and the 19th century in the United States and Canada. It was large enough to transport loads up to 6 tons , and was drawn by horses, mules or oxen.
commonwealth an independent country or community, especially a democratic republic
cash crop a crop produced for its commercial value rather than for use by the grower.
puritans The Puritans were a group of English Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries, including,English Calvinists. Puritanism in this sense was founded by John Calvin.
constitution a body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed
separatists a person who supports the separation of a particular group of people from a larger body on the basis of ethnicity, religion, or gender.
fundamental orders of coneecticut The Fundamental Orders were adopted by the Connecticut Colony council on January 14, 1639 OS (January 24, 1639 NS). The orders describe the government set up by the Connecticut River towns, setting its structure and powers.
pilgrims a person who journeys to a sacred place for religious reasons
toleration the practice of tolerating something, in particular differences of opinion or behaviour.
mayflower compact The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony.
pacifists a person who believes that war and violence are unjustifiable
mercantilism belief in the benefits of profitable trading; commercialism.
toleration act The Maryland Toleration Act, also known as the Act Concerning Religion, was a law mandating religious tolerance for Trinitarian Christians. Passed on April 21, 1649 by the assembly of the Maryland colony, in St. Mary's City.
quakers Quakers (or Friends, as they refer to themselves) are members of a family of religious movements collectively known as the Religious Society of Friends.
indigo a tropical plant of the pea family, which was formerly widely cultivated as a source of dark blue dye
urban in, relating to, or characteristic of a city or town.
rural in, relating to, or characteristic of the countryside rather than the town.
artisan a worker in a skilled trade, especially one that involves making things by hand.
tidewater water brought or affected by tides
plantations an estate on which crops such as coffee, sugar, and tobacco are cultivated by resident labor.
joint-stock company a company whose stock is owned jointly by the shareholders
middle passage the sea journey undertaken by slave ships from West Africa to the West Indies.
indentured servants A person under contract to work for another person for a definite period of time, usually without pay but in exchange for free passage to a new country.
slave codes Slave codes were laws in each U.S. state, which defined the status of slaves and the rights of masters. These codes gave slave-owners absolute power over the enslaved.
black country The Black Country is an area of the West Midlands in England, north and west of Birmingham
charter a written grant by a country's legislative or sovereign power, by which an institution such as a company, college, or city is created and its rights and privileges defined
cecil calvert Cecil Calvert, Second Baron Baltimore, was an English peer who was the first Proprietor and Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland, and ninth Proprietary Governor of the Colony of Newfoundland and the colony of Avalon.
Nathaniel bacon Nathaniel Bacon was a colonist of the Virginia Colony, famous as the instigator of Bacon's Rebellion of 1676, which collapsed when Bacon himself died from dysentery
Created by: mwagoner83