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Chapter 5

Causes of the American Revolution

Proclamation of 1763 prohibited colonists from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains
Sugar Act lowered tax on molasses in an attempt to stop smuggling
Stamp Act taxed almost all printed material in the colonies
Ethan Allen led the Green Mountain Boys
George III opposed any compromise with the American colonists
Abigail Adams wife of John Adams that wrote letters to her husband suggesting increased rights for women
Benjamin Franklin ran the first post office established by the Second Continental Congress and invented items such as bifocals and the lightning rod
Thomas Paine author of Common Sense
George Grenville prime minister of Great Britain whose first action in the colonies was to take action against smugglers
writ of assistance gave British customs officers the right to search a colonist's house
Samuel Adams started the Sons of Liberty, revived the committee of correspondence, and attended the First Continental Congress
Patrick Henry persuaded the House of Burgesses to take action against the Stamp Act
propaganda used to influence someone's opinion such as in how colonial leaders used the Boston Massacre killings
Loyalists someone loyal to Britain and did not consider unfair taxes a good reason for rebellion
Patriots colonists that wanted to fight the British for American independence
Boston Massacre skirmish between colonists and British soldiers that resulted in the killings of 5 colonists including Crispus Attucks
Treaty of Paris formally recognized American independence
Albany Plan of Union first document written as a part of the colonial independence movement
Townshend Acts taxed all imported goods such as glass, lead, tea, and paper
Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts) passed to punish the colonists of Massachusetts by banning town meetings, closing Boston Harbor, and making colonists house soldiers
Boston Tea Party as a result of the Tea Act colonists dressed as Native Americans boarded British ships and dumped 342 chests of tea into the harbor
Paul Revere rode by horseback to warn the British were coming to prepare for the Battles of Lexington and Concord
Declaratory Act British claimed they could tax and make decisions for the colonies at any time
committee of correspondence organization used to circulate writings of the colonials' grievances
First Continental Congress group of 55 men including John Adams, John Jay and George Washington met in Philadelphia to establish a political body to represent American interests and challenge British control
Battles of Lexington and Concord couple of the first battles that broke out between the colonists and the British
Battle of Bunker Hill British win this battle but suffered heavy losses
Second Continental Congress delegates met to begin governing the colonies by creating a Continental Army, setting up a post office, and establishing committees to communicate with the Native Americans
George Washington was unanimously chosen to be the commander of the Continental Army
Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson and was a resolution declaring that America was independent from Britain
John Locke English philosopher that Thomas Jefferson based many of his ideas used in the writing of the Declaration of Independence
Created by: rhenson