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Roaring 1920's

TermDefinition
Red Scare American fear of Communism.
Nativism Americans who dislike immigrants especially immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe.
"Return to Normalcy" President Harding wanted factories to stop producing war time goods and return to a peace time economy.
Teapot Dome Scandal Bribes for Oil rich land in Teapot Dome, Wyoming.
"Rugged Individualism" President Hoover believed individuals should do for their selves it was not the job of the government to support you.
Henry Ford Used the assembly line to mass produce cars. Most significant stimulate to economic boom in the 1920s.
Speculation of Market Investors bought stocks and believed prices would always rise so they could sell it for a profit.
Buying on Margin Investors bought stocks for only 10% of the value. And would pay back the remainder after selling the stock for a profit.
18th Amendment Alcohol is illegal to produce or sale.
Effects of the 18th Amendment Rise in Organized Crime (mafias/gangsters) Speakeasies Women's Christian Temperance Movement gains power Moonshiners Bootleggers
Speakeasies Illegal bars
Women's Christian Temperance Movement Supported the passage of the 18th amendment
Flappers Non-traditional women. Dressed in fashionable clothing, revealing, smoked, danced and drank alcohol.
Jazz Originated in New Orleans and diffused with the Great Migration.
Harlem Renaissance Area of New York were African Americans lived and were college educated, writers, poets, musicians and artists.
Langston Hughes Famous poet from Harlem Renaissance
Marcus Garvey Founded Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) and called for Back-to-Africa Movement
21st Amendment Repealed the 18th Amendment allowing alcohol.
Palmer Raids Following bombings from Communist the government raided homes and arrested suspected Communist without out search warrants. (violated civil liberties)
Sacco and Vanzetti Case Two Italian immigrants who were anarchists were arrested, put on trial, found guilty and executed for robbery and murder. Example of Red Scare gone to far.
Ku Klux Klan Disliked African Americans, Immigrants, Catholics and anyone not like them.
Glenn Curtiss Created the "hydroeroplane" which could take off and land on water. Worked closely with the US Navy to buy naval aviation.
Scopes Trial John Scopes was a biology teacher arrested in Tennessee for teaching Darwin's Theory of Evolution (man came from monkey). William Jennings Bryan was the prosecutor and Clarence Darrow was the defense attorney. Case of modernism v. traditionalism.
Frances Willard Leader of Women's Christian Temperance Movement
Eugenics Pseudo-scientific belief that the human race could be improved by breeding. Wanted blonde hair, fair skinned and blue eyed race.
Tin Pan Alley Area in New York were publishers discovered musicians.
Charles Lindbergh Flew solo across the Atlantic Ocean from Long Island New York to Paris in the "Spirit of St. Louis"
Radio Largest form of entertainment in the 1920s.
Created by: embonin