Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.

By signing up, I agree to StudyStack's Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

9th grade history

all about america

QuestionAnswer
1. When did the United States experience the “Progressive Era From 1890-1920
2. What were some of the general beliefs of Progressives? Progressives? 1) Industrialization and urbanization had created many social problems 2) The government should take a more active role in solving society’s problems
3. What were some characteristics of people in the Progressive movement? What were some of their jobs? 3a) Urban, educated middle class Americans 3b) journalists, social workers, educators, politicians and members of the clergy (church)
5. What did technology have to do with Progressivism? Progressives had a strong faith in science and technology. Science and technology had changed the world (lightbulb, telephone, skyscraper) and had benefitted people, so those scientific principles
6. What type of stories did the muckrakers write about? They wrote about unfair practices of corporations, corrupt government, social problems like lynching, child labor and poverty
7. Ida Tarbell and Charles Edward Russell were two journalists who concentrated on writing about what? They wrote about unfair practices of corporations
8. List two other authors mentioned in the section and describe what they wrote about 8a) Jacob Riis: he wrote about poverty, disease and crime that afflicted immigrant neighborhoods 8b) Lincoln Steffens wrote about vote stealing and corruption with political machines Making Government Efficient
9. Why did Progressives want to change the government? hey wanted to make the government more efficient so it could solve problems in society easier.
10. What is scientific management? Breaking down tasks into small parts that people could do easier, managing time, and using standardized tools to create efficiency
11. How did Efficiency Progressives want to fix the problem of unqualified people filling city department jobs? They wanted a Commission plan or a council-manager system where experts would be appointed to different departments to run them, instead of politicians getting elected into those jobs
12. How would the commission plan help solve the problems in the city? Experts would run the city departments and make sure they ran as efficiently and correctly as possible Democracy and Progressives The Roots of Progressivism (18.1)
13. What did Democratic Progressives want? This made the process of picking candidates more democratic because all party members could vote for a candidate to run in the general election
14. 14. Why did Democratic Progresses want to push for the direct primary? his made the process of picking candidates more democratic because all party members could vote for a candidate to run in the general election
15. What is an initiative? An initiative allowed for a group of citizens to introduce legislation and required the legislature to vote on it
16. What is a referendum? Allowed for legislation to be approved by the people, not just the representatives
17. What is the purpose of a recall? 7. Allowed voters to demand a special election o remove an elected official from office before his/her term expired
18. What was the 17th Amendment? What did it do? When was it passed? -The 17th Amendment allowed for the direct election of Senators by the people. -It took the power of electing Senators out of the hands of State Represenatives and put it in the hands of the people -It was passed in 1912
19. What is suffrage? What amendment gave African American Men suffrage? 19a) The right to vote 19b) 15th Amendment
20. What were some of the problems that female suffragettes faced? ? 20a) Accused of being unfeminine 20b) Accused of being immoral 20c) They were physically attacked 20d) The Civil War drew a lot of support away from the Suffrage movement
21. What did the 15th Amendment have to do with women’s rights? ? Women had tried to get the right to vote using this amendment, but it was refused by Republicans during Reconstruction
22. What was the difference between the National Woman Suffrage Association and the American Woman Suffrage Association? The American Woman Suffrage Association believed in convince state governments to give women the right to vote before going for changing the constitution 22b) National Woman Suffrage Association: Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony American Woman
23. In 1900, which states gave women full voting rights? Wyoming, Idaho, Utah and Colorado
24. What were the types of women starting to get involved in the voting rights movement? 24a) Working class women 24b) middle class women
25. Who was Alice Paul and what did she do to try and get President Wilson to act on suffrage 25a) She was the leader of the National American Woman Suffrage Association 25b) they protested, picketed the White House, blocked sidewalks, chained themselves to lampposts and went on hunger strikes
26. What is the Nineteenth Amendment and when was it passed? 19th Amendment: the right for women to vote Passed in August of 1920
27. What were some other problems progressives focused on? ) Crime 27b) Illiteracy 27c) Alcohol Abuse 27d) Child Labor 27e) Health and Safety of Americans
28. How many children worked outside of the home in 1900 1.7 Million
29. What were “breaker boys”? What was their job and how much did they get paid? 29a) young boys who worked in coal mines 29b) They picked slag out of coal 29c) 60 cents for 10-hours of work
30. What were some of the laws that states passed to protect child laborers? ? 30a) Minimum age for employment 30b) Maximum hours children can work 30c) compulsory education: children have to be at school instead of work.
31. What event caused New York to pass strict building codes to address fire hazards, unsafe machinery and working conditions? The Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire
1. What is progressivism? was a collection of different ideas and activities about how to reform the problems within American society.
2. Who were muckrakers? -were a group of journalists who investigated social conditions and political corruption. EX. Lincoln Steffens, Upton Sinclair, Ida Tarbell, Jacob Riis, Ida B. Wells.
3. Why did progressives want to get the gov’t. involved? -they believed that problems in society could be solved if government was efficient.
4. Who was Robert La Follette and what was his idea of a direct primary? The governor of Wisconsin, Robert La Follette, criticized how political parties ran their conventions.
direct primary , a party election in which all party members vote for a candidate to run in the general election.
5. What is initiative? The initiative allowed a group of citizens to introduce legislation and required the legislature to vote on it
6. What is referendum? The referendum allowed proposed legislation to be submitted to the voters for approval.
7. What is recall? The recall allowed voters to demand a special election to remove an elected official from office.
8. What is suffrage? Suffrage is the right to vote
9. What is the Nineteenth Amendment? guaranteed women the right to vote.
10. What did social welfare progressivism aim to protect created charities to help the poor and disadvantaged, and pushed for laws to help fix social problems.
11. What was the temperance movement? called for the moderation or elimination of alcohol.
12. What is prohibition? 18th Amendment. prohibition–laws banning the manufacture, sale, and transfer of alcohol.
13. What is socialism? Socialism, the idea that the government should own and operate industry for the community as a whole
14. How did Theodore Roosevelt become president? William McKinley was shot.
15. What was the Square Deal? the government should try to balance the needs of all the groups in American society.
16. Describe the miner’s strike? .increase, reduction in work hours, and recognition for their union. The strike went on for months, threatening a coal shortage, nationwide panic. About 150,000 workers from the mines of eastern Pennsylvania demanded a pay
17. What is arbitration arbitration, a settlement imposed by an outside party.
18. What is the Hepburn Act? In 1906 the Hepburn Act was intended to strengthen the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) by limiting the distribution of free R.R. passes and giving it the power to set railroad rates.
19. Who was Upton Sinclair? What did The Jungle discuss? A muckraker. In 1906 Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle described his observations of Chicago slaughterhouses.
20. What is the Meat Inspection Act? required federal inspection of meat sold and set standards of cleanliness in meatpacking plants.
21. What are the Pure Food and Drug Act? prohibited the manufacture, sale, or shipment of impure or falsely labeled food and drugs.
22. Who was Gifford Pinchot? Gifford Pinchot to head the United States Forest Service to carefully manage the timber resources in the West. Pinchot and his department created regulations controlling lumbering on federal lands.
23. List some of William Howard Taft’s progressive reforms Mann-Elkins Act-putting communications like telephone & telegraph cables in the hands of the ICC. . Payne-Aldrich Tariff: which raised some tariffs instead of lowering them Children’s Bureau to fight child labor. Taft was a conservationist who monitore
24. Who ran in the Election of 1912? Woodrow Wilson, Howard Taft, Theodore Roosevelt
25. What is New Nationalism? Roosevelt’s New Nationalism was a complete line of reforms that favored legislation to protect women and children in the workforce and workers’ compensation for those injured on the job. He also wanted a federal trade commission to regulate industry.
26. What is New Freedom? Wilson’s plan, the New Freedom, supported free enterprise and criticized Roosevelt for a program that Wilson felt supported monopolies. An important part Wilson’s New Freedom was the provision for levying an income tax, or a direct tax on the earnings of
27. List some of Woodrow Wilson’s progressive reforms? 16th Amendment: 16th Amendment: direct income tax on citizens
Federal Reserve: where banks would have to keep some of their deposits in a regional reserve bank to protect customers’ money in a case of unanticipated loss.
Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to monitor American business. The FTC investigated companies and issued “cease and desist” orders against companies involved in unfair trade practices
Clayton Antitrust Act that put a ban on tying agreements and price discrimination
Keating-Owen Child Labor Act, which prohibited children under the age of 14 from working in factories.
Adamson Act which established an eight-hour workday for railroad workers.
Federal Farm Loan Act, Act, which provided farmers with long-term loans at low interest rates.
28. What is the Federal Reserve System? Federal Reserve: where banks would have to keep some of their deposits in a regional reserve bank to protect customers’ money in a case of unanticipated loss.
29. What is the Federal Trade Commission? Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to monitor American business. The FTC investigated companies and issued “cease and desist” orders against companies involved in unfair trade practices
30. What is the NAACP? National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded. African American leaders met to demand full political rights and responsibilities and an end to racial discrimination for African
31. What was the legacy of the progressive movement? By the end of the Progressive era, Americans looked to the government to play an Regulate and solve problems
32. What did many Progressives believe was responsible for the problems in American life? ? Alcohol
33. What was the goal of the temperance movement? elimination of alcohol 33b) Reduce alcohol consumption, then pressed for Prohibition
34. What did Progressives worry about specifically when it came to big business? wealth was concentrated in the hands of too few people
35. What was the belief that led to the passing of the Sherman Antitrust Act? The belief that the government should break up big companies to try and restore competition
32. What did many Progressives believe was responsible for the problems in American life? ? Alcohol
33. What was the goal of the temperance movement? elimination of alcohol 33b) Reduce alcohol consumption, then pressed for Prohibition
34. What did Progressives worry about specifically when it came to big business? wealth was concentrated in the hands of too few people
35. What was the belief that led to the passing of the Sherman Antitrust Act? The belief that the government should break up big companies to try and restore competition
36. What is socialism? Who was one of their big leaders? ) the idea that the government should own and operate industry for the community as a whole.Eugene Debs
1. Describe Theodore Roosevelt’s Social Darwinist’s beliefs. . He believed that the United States was in competition with the other nations of the world and that only the fittest would survive.
2. Describe Theodore Roosevelt’s progressive beliefs. The government should actively balance the needs of competing groups in American Society
4a. What law did Roosevelt enforce when he broke up the Northern Securities? The Sherman AntiTrust Act 4b
4b. What type of company was Northern Securities? 4b) a Railroad company
5. What name did the newspapers give Theodore Roosevelt after Northern Securities v. the United States? Trust Buster
6. Why did Theodore Roosevelt get involved with the United Mine Workers strike in Pennsylvania? . If the strike dragged on too long, the country would face a coal shortage that could shut down factories and cause people to freeze
7. Theodore Roosevelt’s pressure for arbitration between the Union and the Mine Workers was the first step in establishing what? ? He had taken the first step toward establishing the federal government as an honest broker between powerful groups in society
8. The Department of Commerce and Labor was created to do what? ? It was in charge of investigating corporations and issuing reports on their activities.
9. What act was passed in an attempt to strengthen the Interstate Commerce Commission? 9b. What did this act do? ? 9a)Hepburn Act 9b) It gave the ICC power to set railroad rates.
10. What became a national issue in 1905? Consumer protection
11. What was The Jungle written about? The working conditions of Meat Packing Factories in Chicago.
12. Describe the Meat Inspection Act : required federal inspection of meat sold through interstate commerce and required the Agriculture Department to set standards of cleanliness in meatpacking plants
Pure Food and Drug Act. 12a) Pure Food and Drug Act: prohibited the manufacture, sale or shipment of impure or falsely label foods and drugs
13. Conservation manages what? ? Conservation manages the nation’s natural resources like trees, water, minerals, and animals
14. What act paid for irrigation and land development projects from the funds collected from sale of public lands? ? Newlands Reclamation Act
15. Who agreed with Roosevelt that trained experts in forestry and resource management should apply the same scientific standard to the Gifford Pinchot
16. Who did Americans expect to solve the economic and social problems of America? ? They expected that the federal government should solve the economic and social issues of the United States
Taft Becomes President 1. Who was close friends with Taft and believed he was right to be president? Theodore Roosevelt
2. Describe Taft’s personality when compared to Theodore Roosevelt’s. 2b. Did this allow Taft to get along with Progressives? Taft was a skillful administrator and judge, but disliked political negotiation and didn’t like conflict with others. Taft Responded slowly and approached problems from a thoughtful way. No, they came into conflict because of this
3. What was the reason Taft worked with Joseph G. Cannon ? Taft needed his help to pass a new tariff. Cannon could dominate debate and could kill the tariff if he wanted to.
10. What became a national issue in 1905? Consumer protection
11. What was The Jungle written about? The working conditions of Meat Packing Factories in Chicago.
12. Describe the Meat Inspection Act : required federal inspection of meat sold through interstate commerce and required the Agriculture Department to set standards of cleanliness in meatpacking plants
Pure Food and Drug Act. 12a) Pure Food and Drug Act: prohibited the manufacture, sale or shipment of impure or falsely label foods and drugs
13. Conservation manages what? ? Conservation manages the nation’s natural resources like trees, water, minerals, and animals
14. What act paid for irrigation and land development projects from the funds collected from sale of public lands? ? Newlands Reclamation Act
15. Who agreed with Roosevelt that trained experts in forestry and resource management should apply the same scientific standard to the Gifford Pinchot
16. Who did Americans expect to solve the economic and social problems of America? ? They expected that the federal government should solve the economic and social issues of the United States
Taft Becomes President 1. Who was close friends with Taft and believed he was right to be president? Theodore Roosevelt
2. Describe Taft’s personality when compared to Theodore Roosevelt’s. 2b. Did this allow Taft to get along with Progressives? Taft was a skillful administrator and judge, but disliked political negotiation and didn’t like conflict with others. Taft Responded slowly and approached problems from a thoughtful way. No, they came into conflict because of this
3. What was the reason Taft worked with Joseph G. Cannon ? Taft needed his help to pass a new tariff. Cannon could dominate debate and could kill the tariff if he wanted to.
4. What did the Payne-Aldrich Tariff do? Barely lowered tariffs and raised the tariff on some goods
5. What is a word for a private business group? Syndicate
6. What was the result of Taft’s unpopularity in 1910? he Democrats took a majority in the House and then Democrats and more Radical Progressives took control of the senate
7. How was Taft more progressive than Roosevelt when it came to trusts? ? He brought twice as many antitrust cases to court in four years then Theodore Roosevelt had in 7 years
8. What was the point of the Children’s Bureau To investigate and publicized problems with child labor
9. What did Taft do that finally made Roosevelt stop supporting him? Taft sued U.S. Steel in an anti-trust court case. They were trying to buy another company and Taft called it a monopoly and sued. Theodore Roosevelt had helped the two companies combine so he felt betrayed
2. What was the name of Roosevelt’s independent party 2a) The Progressive Party
What was it’s nickname? The Bull Moose Party
3. What was Woodrow Wilson’s background? He was the governor of New Jersey
Created by: Robert_Gary9