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chap 15

chao 15

stare decisis the practice of using early judicial ruling as basis for deciding a case
writ of habeas coeups a court order requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person
bill of attanider a law that punishes a person accused of a crime without trail or fair hearing in court
ex post facto law a law that will allow a person to be punishes for a action that was not against the law when it was committed
due process of law procedures establish by law and guaranteed by the constitution
search warrant a xourt order allowing loaw enorcements officer t search suspects home or business and take specific items in a
doudle jeopardy putting someone on trail for a crime of which he or she was previously acquitted
grand jury a group of citizens that decides whether there is a sufficient evidence to accuse someone for a crime
plea bargaining negotiation between the defense attorney and prosecutor
bail a sum of money used as a security deposit to ensure that an accused person returns to his or her trail
constitutional law branch of law dealing with format,constitution and interpretation pf constitutions
defendant an individual or group being sued of changed with a crime
felony a serious crime such as murder kidnap or rape
misdemeanor a relatively minor offense such as vandalism or stealing inexpensive items
lanceny an unlawful taken away of another person property
robbery the taking of property from a persons possession by using force or threats
burglary unlawful;entry into any dwelling or structure
lawsuit a legal action in which a person or group sues to collect damages or some harm done
tort wrongful acts for which government control extend to almost all aspects of peoples life
libel written untruths thats harmful to someones reputation
plainoff a person party or filling a lawsuit
precedent u ruing that is used as the basic for a judicial decision in a later,similar case
common law a system of laws based on precent and customs
statute a law written by a legislative branch
Created by: somonnemclean
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