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Chapter 2 lesson 1
|loose soil carried by water
|long periods without rain
|a wall that keeps a river within its banks
|a system of canals to bring water to crops
|the wearing away of soil by wind or water
|a lush green area through which two rivers the Tigris and Euphrates flowed
|How did two great rivers affect life in the Fertile Crescent?
|They made life possible in a dry region. However, the rivers also flooded the land.
|What did the ancient Greeks call the region between the Tigris and the Euphrates?
|Land between the rivers
|What does silt provide?
|made the region a good place for farming. Farmers in Southern Mesopotamia had to protect their fields from flooding.
|How did the Mesopotamians use technology to control their water supply?
|They used levees to keep the flood waters back. They used irrigation to bring water to crops and fields. Flood Control and Irrigation.
|Farmers in Southern Mesopotamia had to protect their fields from flooding each fall. During the spring and summer they needed water for their crops. This region only got a few drops of water each year.
|had enough rain to make farming possible. Yet the earth of the northern plateau was rocky and bad for farming.
|When did Agriculture begin in western Asia?
|about 8,500 years ago
|What did the areas environment support?
|wild plants, wheat, barley. Animals, cattle, sheep and pigs.
|What were the regions most important crops?
|wheat and barley
|Why is modern Mesopotamia a desert now?
|Because of erosion
|How did the Mesopotamians alter their region?
|Farmers planted near canal banks because trees need a a lot of water. People cut trees down which caused erosion.
|What did the two great rivers provide?
|made it possible for farmers to raise surplus crops and develop some of history's early cultures. In time farmers grew more food than they needed.
|How did the Tigris and Euphrates rivers affect life in Mesopotamia?
|Farmers raised surplus crops and they developed early cultures. They built irrigation canals. Farmers began producing more foods and not everyone had to be a farmer. People could be leaders, soldiers. Villages became cities.
|Where is Mesopotamia?
|between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. begins in Turkey to Northern Iraq and the rivers flow to the Persian gulf.