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US History - Unit 3

Unit 3 Vocabulary List

Abolition The immediate ending of slavery
Emancipation the act or process of freeing enslaved people
Popular Sovereignty Law that the people of a territory will determine if slavery will be allowed (Utah, New Mexico, Kansas, Nebraska)
Nullification Belief that States have the power to not follow federal laws if they believe the law is unconstitutional.
Blockade the use of ships to block a port or water route
Wilmot Proviso Law proposed that would ban the expansion of slavery in all land acquired from Mexico. (it never became a law)
Fugitive Slave Act Required all US citizens to help recapture runaway slaves
Missouri Compromise Law passed in 1820 that made Missouri a Slave State, Maine a free State, and drew a line at 36 30' to show where slavery can spread.
Kansas-Nebraska Act Law that divided territory along the 40th parallel and let Popular Sovereignty determine slavery question.
Compromise of 1850 5 part deal that re solved issues regarding, California, Texas, New Mexico, Utah, and Slavery.
13th Amendment Former slaves are now officially free.
14th Amendment Former slaves are now officially citizens of US.
15th Amendment Former slaves can now vote.
Underground Railroad Method used to help slaves escape the Southern States.
Uncle Tom's Cabin Anti-slavery novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe published in 1852 that helped lay the groundwork for the eventual US Civil War.
Dred Scott Slave that sued for his freedom. His case for freedom went to the US Supreme Court in 1857 but he lost the case.
Frederick Douglass After escaping from slavery, he wrote a book about his life as a slave and became a leader of the abolitionist movement.
Harriet Tubman Born into slavery, she escaped and worked on the Underground Railroad to rescue family and friends.
John Brown Abolitionist that attacked an armory in Virginia hoping to start a slave rebellion. He was captured, tried, found guilty and executed by hanging.
Jefferson Davis President of the Confederate States of America.
Abraham Lincoln 16th President of US. Leader of Union during Civil War.
Robert E. Lee Commanding Confederate General at end of Civil War.
Ulysses S. Grant Commanding Union General at end of Civil War.
William Tecumseh Sherman Union General that helped destroy the Confederate army's ability to fight in the south.
Fort Sumter Location of first battle of the Civil War. Victory for the South.
Confederacy Name for the Southern States that seceded from the US.
Emancipation Proclamation Act by President Lincoln that freed slaves in all US States still in rebellion.
Gettysburg Turning point of Civil War. Union victory resulted in retreat of Confederate Army of Virginia.
Sherman's march to the sea Military campaign from Atlanta to Savannah. The army's march was behind enemy lines and it destroyed southern agriculture, industry and transportation.
Appomattox Courthouse Location where Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered his army to Union General Ulysses S. Grant.
Election of 1860 Election won by the Republican Candidate Abraham Lincoln. His election resulted in several southern states leaving the union.
Secession (Secede) To formally break away from
Created by: khalupka