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Vocabulary List

Population Key Issue 2 (DTM) Vocabulary List

TermDefinition
Demographic Transition Model (DTM) A transition from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates as a country developed.
Industrial of, relating to, or characterized by industry.
Industrial Revolution A combination of major improvements and industrial technology that transforms the process of manufacturing goods and delivering them to markets.
Crude Birth Rate number of live births occurring among the population of a given geographical area during a given year.
Crude Death Rate the number of deaths occurring among the population of a given geographical area during a given year.
Natural Increase Rate crude birth rate minus the crude death rate of a population.
Total Fertility Rate the average number of children a woman would have were she to fast-forward through all her childbearing years in a single year.
Infant Mortality Rate the average number of children a woman would have were she to fast-forward through all her childbearing years in a single year.
Zero Population Growth a population neither grows nor declines, because the number of births in a year equals the number of deaths.
Primary Economic Activity activities where natural resources are extracted from the earth. Ex. mining, farming and fishing.
Infrastructure the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities needed for the operation of a society or enterprise. Ex. buildings, roads, and power supplies
Primary Economic Activity activities where natural resources are extracted from the earth. Ex. mining, farming and fishing.
Subsistence Farming Farming that provides enough food for the farmer and his family but not enough for sale.
Agricultural Production the science, art, or occupation concerned with cultivating land, raising crops, and feeding, breeding, and raising livestock; farming.
Replacement Babies a substitute or replacement for the child who died.
Famine an extreme shortage of food.
Epidemic a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time.
Pandemic (of a disease) prevalent over a whole country or the world.
Agricultural Revolution the development of crop and animal raising as a food source among human communities instead of hunting and gathering.
Mechanization the changing of a process using machines, instead of people or animals.
The Medical Revolution Improvements medical and medical technology over time which resulting in longer life.
Created by: torimcneil49