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Unit 4 Test US H

QuestionAnswer
2. What destroyed the Plains Indians’ society? Homestead Act, the mass killing of buffalo, and the completion of the transcontinental railroad
3. List ways the Federal Government helped promote the building of the Transcontinental Railway. subsidies too railway investors, sold land to pay for the railway, westward expansion, removed Native Americans
4. Main Ideas of the following cartoon to the left is? And What had this group of people done for the development of the West prior to this act? Chinese Exclusion Act/Chinese built the Transcontinental Railway
5. How were Native American’s treated after the Civil War? Forced onto reservations
6. List the parts of the Dawes Severalty Act Assimilation of Native Americans (schools to be white), No voting rights for Native Americans, abolished tribal lands
7. This cartoon to the right was published after what event ended the Indian Wars? Battle of Wounded Knee
8. Main Idea of the following cartoon: Big businesses carry too much power in government.
9. Reformers of this era were opposed to Laissez Faire meaning they did or did not want government to protect society through the regulation of big business? reformers did want the government to regulate business
10. William Tweed was an example of one of these individuals who used bribery and extortion to steal millions of tax dollar but stayed in power due to the work they did to support the community and help immigrants with job opportunities. Ward Bosses
11. How did agricultural mechanization affect farmers? overproduction=falling farm prices
12. Why did farmers want bimetallism? What is bimetallism? Refers to Backing the US currency on gold and silver. Wanted it to increase currency for people to buy more farm products
14. What was the point of anti-trust legislature? increase competition in business
15. How did the public perceive unions as the results of events like the Haymarket Riot? The unions were viewed as promoting violence and anarchy.
16. Prior to the Progressive Era beginning in 1900, how did the US react to labor unions and strikes? Did not support unions, protected big business, sent troops to stop strikes
17. What group would support the cartoon below: farmers, Robber Barons, Democrats, Immigrants farmers
18. Explain the meaning of the following cartoons 1.Women's Suffrage forced feedings 2.Monopoly
19. Explain the content of Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle discussed the unsanitary and dangerous conditions of the meat packing industry
20. Who was the first progressive president to support unions? Roosevelt, Taft, McKinley, or Wilson? Roosevelt
21. What was the goal of the Bull Moose Party of 1912? To be more progressive than the Republican Taft
22. Which president was nicknamed the Trust Buster? Theodore Roosevelt
23. How are the progressives and populists similar in terms of how they feel about big business? Opposed the strict laissez-faire attitudes of the federal government favoring big business
24. What did the Federal Reserve System do? cheap loans to farmers, regulated currency in circulation, regulated banking and interest rates
25. Briefly list the effects of WWI on the Progressive Era Anti-trust acts were not followed, Prohibition was passed, Unionization limited
Established national graduated income tax 16th Amendment
Makes Senators directly elected by the people 17th Amendment
System of private ownership of businesses Capitalism
Legalized striking, boycotting, protests and stopped unions from being considered monopolies Clayton Anti-Trust Act
Companies owned by stock holders Corporation
Belief that the government should not interfere with the economy and just let it runs its natural course Laissez-faire
Set a precident that the federal government would send troops to protect the businesses owners over laborers Pullman Strike
Attempt by the federal government to break up monopolies and increase competition to protect the rights of consumers. Sherman Anti-Trust Act
Some peoples and races were just naturally more fit in society and that is why certain groups of people got rich and controlled society Social Darwinism
Represents part ownership in a business Stocks
Bryan supported bimetallism and having money backed by gold and silver. He said that these Republican policies were “crucifying mankind on a cross of gold.” Cross of Gold Speech
belief that these captains of industry had the God given right to make more and more money but it was their obligation to use this money to better society Gospel of Wealth
created the Hull House, a settlement house where social activists could live in poor neighborhoods to help the urban poor and immigrants Jane Addams
groups of workers who come together to promote a cause using methods such as strikes to force employers to give into their demands Labor Unions
journalists who exposed the social evils of society such as terrible working conditions in factories Muckrakers
controlling every aspect of production from the resources to the selling of the product Vertical Integration
owned by factory owners to provide housing for their workers. They were unsanitary, cheap, and cramped Tenements
era of political, social, and economic change in American that saw successes in gaining rights for workers Progressive Era
supported the desires of farmers wanting money to be backed by gold and silver and subsidies and also supported the needs of laborers Populists
opposition to immigration leading to violence and discrimination against immigrants Nativism
Created by: ahowe