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Vocabulary 6

Constitution a written plan of government
Constitutional Convention meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 during which 55 delegates wrote the new constitution
Republic a system of government where citizens elect representatives to govern them
James Madison principle architect of the Constitution, wrote many of The Federalist Papers; was a leading support of ratification of the Constitution
George Mason delegate to the Constitutional Convention from Virginia that opposed ratification; was a leading Anti-Federalist
Delegates people who are sent to a meeting to decide important issues
Anti-Federalists people who opposed the new constitution; they feared strong national government and demanded a bill of rights, George Mason and Patrick Henry were leading Anti-Federalists
Federalists people who supported the new constitution and wanted a strong national (central) government, Alexander Hamilton and James Madison were leaders of the Federalists
Grievance a complaint, such as those listed in the Declaration of Independence against the British government; were addressed by the Constitution
The Federalist Papers a series of essays published in newspapers to support and explain the new constitution
Bill of Rights the first 10 amendments to the Constitution, they guarantee basic rights, was one way the unalienable rights were protected by the new government, the Anti-Federalists insisted it be added before they ratified the Constitution
Compromise an agreement that allows both sides to keep some things they want, but they must give up others
Ratification to formally (officially) approve of a document
Amendments changes or additions to an official document; the process to amend the Constitution was difficult to prevent frequent, unnecessary changes
George Washington president of the Constitutional Convention, chosen because of his leadership abilities
Patrick Henry leading Anti-Federalist; refused to attend the Constitutional Convention, proclaiming “I smell a rat” meaning he thought something suspicious was happening
Ben Franklin political leader from Pennsylvania that advised the Constitutional Convention on making compromises that enabled the states to accept a new government
Charles de Montesquieu French philosopher that proposed the ideas of checks and balances and separation of powers, saying that divided power protected the rights of citizens from a situation where the government may become abusive
separation of powers this principle of the Constitution divided the power of government into legislative, executive, and judicial branches; each has its own specific duties
The Great Compromise foundation of the new government; three branches legislative, executive and judicial; Congress (legislative branch) was divided into two houses, the upper house (Senate) had equal representation – 2 members for each state, the lower house (House of Repres
Three-Fifths Compromise the northern states wanted slaves not counted or at least taxed, southern states did so they would have more members in the House of Representative; result – 3/5 of all slaves would be counted for representation and not taxation
Created by: syates