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U.S. History

Topic 5 "Imperialism"

TermDefinition
Imperialism Policy by which stronger nations extend their political, economic, and military control over weaker territories
Extractive Economy Colonial economies based on an imperialist nation extracting, or removing raw materials
Alfred T. Mahan Naval historian who advocated for naval power as the basis for a great nation; urged the United States to build a modern fleet
Frederick J. Turner Historian who noted the closure of the American frontier; his ideas were used by others to urge U.S. overseas expansion
Matthew Perry U.S. naval commander who sailed a fleet into Tokyo Bay in 1853 and opened trade with Japan
Queen Liliuokalani Hawaiian monarch dethroned in 1893 by rebel American planters in an action backed by U.S. Marines
Jose Marti Cuban patriot who launched a war for independence from Spain in 1895
William Randolph Hearst Owner of the New York Journal who, along with Joseph Pulitzer of the New York World, started the Yellow Press
Yellow Press Newspapers that used sensational headlines and exaggeration to promote readership
Jingoism Agressive nationalism
George Dewey Commodore of the U.S. squadron that destroyed the Spanish felt in Manila Bay
Emilio Aguinaldo Leader of the Filipino nationalists who defeated the Spanish Army
Rough Riders Volunteer cavalry unit assembled by Theodore Roosevelt, famous for their 1898 charge at San Juan Hill
Treaty of Paris Ended the Spanish-AMerican War and included U.S. acquisition of Puerto Rico and the purchase of the Philippines
Insurrection A rebellion or revolt
Guerrilla Warfare Form of nontraditional warfare, generally by small bands of fighters
Wiliam Howard Taft Governor of the Philippines in 1901, later president of the United States
Spheres of Influence Zones in China that gave European powers exclusive access to commerce
John Hay U.S. Secretary of State who asserted the Open Door Policy in China
Boxer Rebellion 1900 revolt by secret Chinese societies against outside influences
Open Door Policy Secretary of State John Hay’s policy of opposing European colonies and spheres of influence in China
Russo-Japanese War War between Japan and Russia in 1904 over the presence of Russian troops in Manchuria
"Gentlemen's Agreement" pact between the United States and Japan to end segregation of Asian children in San Francisco public schools. In return, Japan agreed to limit the immigration of its citizens to the United States
Great White Fleet 1907 world cruise by an armada of U.S. battleships to demonstrate American naval strength
Foraker Act established civil government in Puerto Rico with an appointed governor
Platt Amendment set of conditions under which Cuba was granted independence in 1902, including restrictions on rights of Cubans and granting to the U.S. the “right to intervene” to preserve order in Cuba
"Big Stick" Diplomacy Theodore Roosevelt’s approach to international relations that depended on a strong military to achieve its aims
Panama Canal waterway dug across Panama to shorten the trip between the Atlantic and the Pacific
Roosevelt Corollary President Theodore Roosevelt’s reassertion of the Monroe Doctrine to keep the Western Hemisphere free from intervention by European powers
"Dollar Diplomacy" President Taft’s policy to encourage investment rather than use force in Latin America
"Moral Diplomacy" President Wilson’s statement that the U.S. would not use force to assert influence in the world, but would instead work to promote human rights
Francisco "Pancho" Villa Mexican guerrilla and outlaw who eluded capture by General Pershing for 11 months from 1916 to early 1917
Created by: Mr. Peirce