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Who We Are
Native American and Constitution
|What is an example of how Native Americans in the Desert Southwest adapted to their environment?
|They made adobe homes because clay was an abundant resource. Because it was dry, they had to irrigate to get water to their crops.
|What is an example of how Native Americans in the Pacific Northwest adapted to their environment?
|They used the Cedar trees for houses and other items. They also hunted and gathered from the forests around their homes. Deer, rabbits, and other small animals were plentiful.
|What is an example of how Native Americans in the Great Plains adapted to their environment?
|People of the Great Plains relied on the buffalo for food, shelter, clothing, tools, and much more. They adapted by moving around so they could follow the buffalo.
|What is an example of how Native Americans in the Eastern Woodlands adapted to their environment?
|They hunted and fished because there were many animals in the forests, lakes, and rivers. They used furs to keep warm in the winter. They traveled on waterways.
|What was the government of Eastern Woodlands Native Americans like?
|They had councils or leagues of chiefs. Chiefs were chosen by the Clan mothers. (Iroquois Confederacy)
|What was the family of Eastern Woodlands Native Americans like?
|Extended family lived together in a longhouse or wigwam. Women trained daughters and men trained sons.
|What was trade like for Eastern Woodlands Native Americans?
|They traded with other tribes by bartering. They used wampum belts as proof of their trade agreement.
|How did Eastern Woodlands Native Americans use the land?
|They cleared land for farming.
|Did individuals in the Eastern Woodlands own land?
|No, the land was used or worked by the whole tribe.
|What kind of jobs did people in West African tribes have?
|Women ran the home. Men in big towns traded with travelers and men in villages hunted.
|What was the family of West African tribes like?
|Extended family lived together; groups of families formed a clan
|What was trade like for West African tribes?
|Gold was found there, so they traded it for goods from other places, especially for salt
|How did states and towns grow in West Africa?
|Because of the great amount of gold resources, people came to trade and that made towns grow bigger and more wealthy
|What were the Articles of Confederation?
|A plan for a national government accepted by the states in 1781 - toward the end of the American Revolution
|What was one problem with the Articles of Confederation?
|The national government was too weak (could not set up an army, control trade, or create taxes)
|How did the Constitution work better than the Articles of Confederation?
|It gave more power to a federal government and balanced powers between 3 branches (Executive, Legislative, and Judicial)
|What did the Bill of Rights add to the Constitution?
|Individual Rights (like freedom of speech, assembly, and religion)
|Identify the Native American regions: Desert Southwest, Pacific Northwest, Great Plains, Eastern Woodlands
|Identify the regions of Africa: Northern, Eastern, Central, Western, Southern