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Early Middle Ages

Global Studies 9

Vassals Lesser lords who pledged service and loyalty to a greater lord
Fief Parcel of land that a lord granted a vassal
Knight Warrior that lived by a code of honor
Feudalism System of rule in which powerful local lords divided their land holdings among the lesser lords. In exchange, the lesser lords(vassals), pledged service and loyalty to the greater lord
Chivalry Code of honor for Knights
Manor Lord’s estate which contained one or more villages and the surrounding lands.
Serfs Peasants who were bound to the land they worked on the manor
Peasants People who lived and worked on the manor...made up the majority of the population in medieval society
Self-Sufficient Description of manor life for those who lived, shelter, and clothing were all that was needed
Missi dorminici Officials who worked for Charlemagne administering justice
Curriculum Formal course of study created by Alcuin under the direction of Charlemagne
Charter Rights and privileges of a town in dealing with merchants
Bill of Exchange Method of payment set up by merchants
Middle Class New social class of merchants, traders, and artisans standing between nobles and peasants
Guilds Associations for merchants and artisans
Apprentice Internship of guild
Journeymen Salaried workers in a guild
Sacraments The seven sacred rights of the church
Tithe Church tax equal to one tenth of one's income
The Benedictine Rule Set of rules for all monks and nuns consisting of three vows
Secular Worldly force outside the church
Papal Supremacy Authority over all secular rulers
Canon Law Body of law developed by Church
Excommunication Kicked out of the Church
Interdict Excluding an entire town, region, or kingdom from participating in the Church
Anti-Semitism Prejudice against Jews
Medieval Latin meaning “middle age”(500-1450 AD)-Europe was a backward region cut off from advanced civilizations in the Middle East, China, and India.
Charlemagne (Charles the Great)-grandson of Charles Martel, he built an empire reaching from France, Germany, and part of Italy. Pope Leo III crowned the German king as Emperor of the Roman Empire.
Battle of Tours Key battle in which Christians led by Charles Martel stop the Muslim advance
Created by: gmottola
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