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Chapter 29

Vocabulary and Text questions

QuestionAnswer
Golden Age A period in time where an area is in great peace and wealth
Pericles A leader that brought Athens from ruins to lots of money.
Acropolis A hill that rises over the rest of the city, this is where most temples are built.
Parthenon The temple honoring the Greek goddess Athena, built on the acropolis above Athens
Myth A traditional story that helps to explain a culture's beliefs.
Architecture The art of designing buildings. A good example is a temple like the Parthenon.
Sculpture The art of creating three-dimensional figures from such materials as wood, stone, and clay.
Socrates Socrates was a great Greek philosopher. He encouraged people to question the things they thought they knew by asking them questions like, What is the good life for a man? What is truth? How do you know?
Plato Plato was a philosopher, as well as mathematician, in Classical Greece, and an influential figure in philosophy, central in Western philosophy. Also He was Socrates best scholar.
Panathenaic Games A festival of games to honor the Greek goddess Athena. These games included a lot of chariot races, lethal fights, and foot races.
Olympics Games that happen every 4 years to honor the Greek god Zeus. These games usually had chariot races,foot races, and a race where men wore heavy armor and ran. They also had combat sports like boxing and wrestling.
Why can Athens be called a City of contrasts? Athens can be called a city of contrasts because they have very expensive and nice public places., but even the wealthy had boring and plain houses with little windows and walls of mud.
In what ways did Greek gods and goddesses play an important part in the lives of the Athenians? The Greek gods and goddesses played an important part in the lives of the Athenians by giving them advice for almost everything through an oracle.
What were the Greek gods and goddesses like? Greek gods and goddesses were like the center of all life in Athens. They were the ones that were asked if suspicious behavior happened. They looked and acted like humans but did not age or die. They made mistakes
Why did the Greeks go to Delphi? Greeks went to Delphi to ask the oracle a question for Apollo.
What was the Parthenon? The Parthenon was a temple that was built to honor the great Greek god Athena.
Describe the Doric Collumns The Doric columns were the simplest to make because all they did was get skinnier towards the top.
Describe the Pediment Pediments are the triangles at the front and back of the building.
Describe the Frieze A frieze is a statue that is built into a wall or door, but you can only see half of it.
How did Athenian sculpture change over the years? Athenian sculpture changed over the years by starting out with statues that were straight forward with stiff arms by their side like the Egyptians. Later Greek sculptors made much more realistic statues with muscle, hair, and clothing.
Who was Phidias? what did he do? Phidias was a famous Greek sculptor. He designed the figures that line the top of the Parthenon, he sculpted the great statue of Athena, and put His face and Pericles's face on Athena’s shield. He was the most famous sculptor.
List three ways Greek drama differed from plays and movies of today. There was no women Held outside in outdoor theaters They relied on a chorus to help explain and expand the story.
What do philosophers do? Philosophers question people about the meaning of life, love, beauty, etc.
How did Socrates try to teach others? Socrates tried to teach others by asking them questions that forced them to think about their beliefs.
What happened to Socrates? Socrates was found guilty of not honoring the gods by questioning the young about their beliefs and was sentenced to death by drinking a poison.
What was the purpose of athletic events in Greece? Many were held to honor Greek gods and goddesses,but some were for fame and honor
Describe one Panathenaic event that is part of our present Olympics. The foot race which is just like a track race.
Describe one Panathenaic event that is not part of our present Olympics One event was where men would run in heavy armor and most likely run into people.
Created by: jgraham979
 

 



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